Expert Witness No. 983
With thirty years of experience encompassing patrol, jail/custody, detectives, and narcotics investigations, Expert (Lt. Ret.), is now a police and jail practices expert for attorneys, public agencies, and the media. Expert has consulted in criminal and civil plaintiff and defense cases in Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nevada, New York, Tennessee, Texas, Washington State, Wisconsin, and Alberta, Canada. He has provided Rule 26 expert reports, as well as expert testimony in deposition and at trial in United States Federal District Courts and California, Arizona, Hawaii, and Nevada state courts. Subjects have included:
Use of force
- Custody (jail and prison)
- Less-lethal and lethal
- Citizen v. citizen self-defense
- Citizen’s right to resist excessive force by the police
- Shooting at moving vehicles
- De-escalation techniques
- Use of and post-use analysis of the TASER (ECD-ECW) and O/C spray (pepper spray) in patrol and in custody
- Police practices - patrol and custody
Handcuffing and handcuffing injuries
- Arrest warrant operations
- Reasonable Cause + Probable Cause Detention and Arrest
- Exigent v. non-exigent,warrantless police entry
- Incidents involving the mentally
Emergency vehicle operations (Code 3 driving)
- Foot pursuits
- Evidence collection in firearms cases
- Evidence collection and chain of evidence in narcotic cases
- Supervision of police pursuits
- Incident and arrest report writing
Jail and prison/custody
- Inmate housing — Classification
- Jail-made weapons - carrying, using, and manufacture issues
- Food service
- Jail attempt and completed suicide
- Inmate safety checks
- Forced cell removal
- Inmate medical care — access, sick call, inmate refusals,
- Major inmate disturbances (riots) policies
- Jail medical and mental health policy/procedures at
- Use of sobering and safety cells intake and housing
- Gang v. non-Gang attacks on staff
- Solicited v. non-solicited inmate reading material
- Jail - Prison culture (Politics)
- Possession for sales
- Under the influence
- Minimum use quantities
- Use of private security guards
Possession (street and jail/prison)
- LSD, cocaine, heroin, barbs, PCP, methamphetamine,
- “Rectal stashes” and safe gathering of evidence
- Deployment + duties, including lethal and less lethal use of force
- Designated as a police practices expert by the Los Angeles County Superior Court Committee of Superior Court Judges who have been appointed to maintain a Panel of Expert Witnesses. Expert has opined in criminal defense cases for the Public Defender’s Office in Riverside County, San Bernardino County, San Diego County, Kern County, San Luis Obispo, Monterey County, Orange County, and for the Federal Defender's Office. Expert has opined in a criminal prosecution cases for the District Attorney’s Office in Merced County and in Monterey County.
- He served as a Lieutenant for various Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department patrol stations as well as jail facilities throughout Los Angeles County, and commanded large-scale operations during major natural disasters such as wildfires, earthquakes, and critical missing persons, etc. Expert has experience working in the Los Angeles County Emergency Operations Center (EOC), during a number of operations. Expert was in charge of the Operations section of one of the three Area Command Teams for the Sheriff’s Department.
- Expert has written a published department wide safety bulletin for patrol personnel on surviving wildfires and other patrol-related emergency procedures and operations plans. Other positions held include Sergeant (supervising 20 - 200+ deputies per shift), Narcotics Investigator (co-sworn as a federal agent with federal powers of arrest), Detective, Patrol Deputy (criminal units, traffic units, D.U.I. enforcement units, plain clothes burglary suppression, and patrol Field Training Officer (FTO).
- Over the course of his 30-year career, in order to control violent/assaultive subjects in the field and in the jaiJs, besides using de-escalation skills, Expert has used and investigated the use of: a show of force, personal weapons, baton, sap, TARP and Hobble restraints, Mace, Pepper Spray, “Clear-Out“ gas, TASER, flashlight (as a weapon of necessity), less-lethal munitions (Sting Balls, Stinger rounds, 40mm impact rounds), and deadly force.
- Expert analyzed use of force in patrol and in the jails, including the use of the TASER, by his subordinates to determine if the force used was proper, reasonable, and within policy, performing many full “force reviews” of deputy personnel as well as investigating complaints from private citizens and inmates concerning allegations of deputy misconduct. As part of these investigations and reviews, Expert identified training needs and took appropriate action. Expert has trained his subordinates in the cognitive aspects of the use of force, including conducting training scenarios for subordinates wherein handguns, shotguns, and AR-15 rifles were brought into the jail for lethal force situations. Expert has conducted firearms inspections of his subordinates’ duty weapons as instructed by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Firearms Training Unit. As a patrol sergeant and patrol lieutenant, Expert ensured his deputies’ field arrests complied with department policy and the law (elements of the crime(s) and probable cause for the arrest).
- Expert commanded and investigated numerous vehicle and foot pursuits and was a participating member of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Pursuit Review Evaluation Committee. He has instructed his subordinates in the cognitive aspects of emergency Code 3, emergency driving.
- Expert investigated numerous traffic accidents involving emergency and non-emergency responses and has driven ambulances and marked patrol cars code 3 (red lights and siren) thousands of times as an Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic, Deputy, Sergeant, and Lieutenant.
- Commanded numerous high-risk barricaded suspect operations, approving the use of the SWAT Teams and K9s after dangerous suspects when necessary and additionally ensured that aJl staff followed proper protocol and procedures concerning high-risk incidents, barricaded suspects, officer involved shootings, vehicle pursuits, etc.
- In a custody environment, Expert was responsible for the station jail (Lancaster) that received over 14,000 bookings a year and commanded responses to over 100 major inmate disturbances/riots within large correctional facilities (up to 4,000 inmates). He dealt with barricaded inmates, forced cell removals, medical emergencies, sobering and safety cell temporary housing, fires, escapes, evacuations, and earthquakes. Expert has experience with the use of the restraint chair, three and four point medical restraints, the use of the Total Appendage Restraint Position (TARP), and is certified in the use of the WRAP restraint. He ensured that proper inmate discipline hearings were carried out by sergeant personnel as mandated by California Title-15 Regulations. Expert lectured regularly at the POST certified Jail Incident Command School and twice at the annual conventions of the American Jail Association on jail emergencies, major disturbances (riots), and cell extractions.
- Expert commanded responses to attempted and completed jail suicides by hanging, cutting, and jumping; he authored and instituted a policy that resulted in the reduction of feigned jail suicides by 50%. Expert also developed a policy that reduced the use of force by 50% when dealing with hostile inmates. Expert has personally rescued three inmates who he found hanging in their cells.
- Years of service as a custody Sergeant and Lieutenant have left Expert well-versed in jail culture and in the policies and procedures of classification (including upgrading inmate security levels to administrative segregation and housing area racial demographics), housing of inmates, protecting inmates from harm by other inmates and in ensuring that safety and security checks and inmate medical care policies and procedures were followed.
- Expert frequently provides media entities with information and perspective concerning law enforcement policies and procedures. He has designed and written emergency procedures, evacuation plans, response plans, and operations plans. In the private sector Expert has planned and managed security at large-scale events and has provided close-in protection for individuals. He has also conducted assessments to gauge effectiveness of security measures and recommended adjustments to reduce or eliminate security breaches.
- A lifelong learner, Expert’s frequent continuing education/training consists, in part, of: use of force, both less-than-lethal and lethal, TASER, firearms, less-than-lethal weapons, excited delirium, mental illness, jail suicides, suicides in the field, as well as “suicide by cop," Arrest-Related and In-Custody Death Investigative Specialist training, deliberate indifference topics, civilian on civilian self-defense,Title-II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and how it relates to arresting, transporting, and jailing of persons in wheelchairs, and persons with other disabilities as defined by the ADA.
Expert Private Company - consultation services to law firms, public agencies (law enforcement, public defenders, and prosecutors) and media
Santa Clarita, California — 2008 to present
- July 2014, provided information to the Denver Sherrif’s Department Independent Monitor,Nicholas Mitchell, about how to conduct jail safety checks.
- July 2012, met with the Legal Director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California to give explanation of the importance of evaluating “fight dynamics" in police use of force cases.
- Use of force expert testimony, which included the use of the TASER, was cited in the May 30, 2012, published opinion of the Court of Appeal of the State of California, Second Appellate District, Division Eight, Alma Mendoza v. City of West Covina, et al., (2012) 206 CAL APP 4" 702, (Los Angeles County, Superior Court. Number: BC387119). In this opinion, the Court of Appeals affirmed the judgment for the plaintiff, in part due to Expert’s testimony.
- May 2012, provided recommendations to reduce allegations of improper use of force in Los Angeles County Jails to a team of attorneys from Gibson, Dunn & Cruther working on behalf of the Los Angeles County Citizen’s Commission on Jail Violence.
- June 2012, provided technical advice to author Matthew Quirk during manuscript developmentfor a novel involving prisons.
- November 2011, provided technical advice during the script development for the movie, The
- Assassination of a Citizen by Moritz Rechenberg, Reflektiv Film Company, Los Angeles, CA.
- Los Angeles County Sheriff, North County Correctional Facility (Watch Commander) Castaic, California — November 2001 to February 2008
- Los Angeles County Sheriff, Lancaster Station (Watch Commander and Station Jail Manager) Lancaster, California — August 1997 to November 2001
- Los Angeles County Sheriff, North FaciJity (Watch Commander) Castaic, California — March 1996 to July 1997
- Santa Clarita Valley Sheriff Station
- Santa Clarita, California — March 1992 to March 1996 North County Correctional Facility
- Santa Clarita, California — July 1989 to March 1992
- Narcotics Investigator (co-sworn as a federal agent for border interdiction) Los Angeles County Sheriff Detective Division
- Los Angeles, CaJifornia — November 1986 to June 1989
- Santa Clarita Valley Sheriff Station
- Santa Clarita, California — January — November 1986
- Patrol Deputy and Training Officer
- Los Angeles County, California —1978 to 1986
- Santa Clarita Valley Sheriff Station — April 1984 to January 1986 (Patrol deputy + FTO) West Hollywood Station — February — March 1984 (2 months) (Patrol deputy)
- Carson Sheriff Station — February 1981 to February 1984 (Patrol deputy)
- Los Angeles Men’s Central Jail — June 1978 to February 1981 (Custody deputy) Los Angeles County Sheriff Academy — March to June 1978
INSTRUCTOR/ LECTURER / PUBLIC SPEAKER
- Over span of 30 years, has instructed and trained personnel in:
- Use of force in patrol & use of force in the jails o Defining use of force
- Unnecessary and excessive use of force
- When and when not to use force
- How to avoid using force
- De-escalation techniques
- How to reassess the need for further force
- Intervening to stop fellow officers from using excessive force
- How to verbally report the use of force
- How to write a use of force report
- Importance of actions prior to use of force
- Proper handcuffing
- Use of force - when/when not to use the LASER
- Tactical command skill in tense situations
- Proper patrol procedures
- Emergency skills preparedness and training
- Officer safety
- Incident report writing
- Handling of public interactions
- California penal codes
- Supervision and leadership skills
- Twice selected as a Subject Matter Expert to conduct promotional oral exams for the Ventura County Sheriff’s Department.
- As a Lieutenant, lectured at the Sheriff’s academy on the POST certified topic of Crimes Against Persons, and at the POST Jail Incident Command School on the topics of jail disturbances/riots, cell extractions, and use of less-lethal weapons.
- May 2016, addressed the Los Angeles County Criminal Bar Association, Indigent Criminal Defense Appointment (ICDA) PaneJ seminar about use of force issues including the use of the Taser.
- September 2013, addressed the Orange County Public Defender's Office, Deputy Public Defenders about use of force issues including the use of the Taser.
- April 2013, addressed the California Association of Licensed Investigators (CALI) and California Highway Patrol officers who attended regarding police use of force and jail issues.
- March 2012, addressed the Introduction to Corrections class at Kaplan College, Palm Springs, CA about jail issues, including quelling riots and forced cell removals.
- September 2011, addressed the Los Angeles County Public Defender‘s Office, Deputy Public Defenders about jail issues.
- July 2011, addressed the Los Angeles County Public Defender’s Office, Deputy Public Defenders about use of force issues.
- June 2010, addressed the National Association of Legal Investigators on police use of force issues during the group’s annual meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada.
- March 2010, addressed the Riverside County Public Defender’s Office, Deputy Public Defenders about use of force issues.
- October 2009, addressed the Riverside County Public Defender's Office Investigator’s Training meeting and the Defense Investigators Association in San Diego, California, on use of force issues.
- 2007, lectured at the American Jail Association’s annual meeting in Tennessee about the proper handling of jail riots, forced cell removals, barricaded inmates, and less lethal weapons.
- 2006, lectured at the American Jail Association’s annual meeting in Utah about the proper handling of
- jail riots and less lethal weapons.
Media Interviews since start of company
Television news — local and national
Newspaper/Magazine - in excess of ..................... 161
Radio — U.S. , New Zealand, and Canadian radio 7
Television Appearances other than News Broadcasts
- March 2016, appeared on the History Channel show The Wow Factor to discuss the emergency 911 system.
- January 2016, appeared on the History Channel show The Wow Factor to discuss bullet proof clothing and related security of persons who wear the protection.
- September 2013, appeared on the Australian television show, Destination America to discuss prison
- January 2011, appeared on the Speed channel’s new TV show, Car Science to explain vehicle stops, vehicle accidents, and other highway safety issues.
- August 2010, appeared on Tru-TV’s World’s Worst Prisons.
- July 2010, appeared on several episodes of the television show, 1000 Ways to Die, discussing various laws and illegal narcotics.
- May 2009, consulted with Dr. Prison’s staff for the pilot television show. The subject of the show, produced by a non-profit organization, is to teach people how to survive in jail and in prison.
CALIFORNIA POST-CONMISSION CERTIFICATES
- Basic Certificate
- Basic — Specialized Certificate
- Intermediate and Advanced Certificates Specialized Training Certificates
- Supervisory Peace Officer Certificate
- Middle Management Certificate
- Note: Selected from the more than 100 formal and/or written commendations in recognition of Expert’s law enforcement and emergency/rescue service to the communit
- Outstanding Service to the Community, 1993 and 1994
- Recognized by the City of Santa Clarita recognized for courageous and outstanding performance during a shootout with a sniper in a residential area (1993) and for overall response and service to various emergencies throughout Santa Clarita during the 1994 Northridge earthquake.
- Meritorious Service Award, 1994 For dedicated service in teaching emergency preparedness procedures and protocol.
- Sheriff’s Commendation, 2006 Received for actions and efforts that helped to quell a massive in-mate riot involving 2,000+ inmates at the North County Correctional Facility in Castaic, California.
- Sheriff’s and Fire Department Commendation For service as head of command post operations during the massive 2007 Los Angeles wildfires.
LAW ENFORCEMENT PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS
- Professional Peace Officers Association (PPOA) Association of Los Angeles County Deputy Sheriffs (ALADS) International Police Association (IPA)
- Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) Institute for the Prevention of In Custody Deaths (IPICD) American Jail Association (AJA)
- American Correctional Association (ACA)
- California Narcotic Officers’ Association (CNOA) (/ormer member)
- Certified Litigation Specialist (CIS)
- Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) - 2013
- The Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) is the largest law enforcement litigation information organization in the nation. Continues to actively participate in this professional organization, attending seminars in police practices as well as jail practices and civil rights laws dealing with law enforcement. Received CLS after completing required training in:
Lethal and Less Lethal Use of Force
- Arrest-Related, Excited Delirium, Sudden In-Custody Death, Jail Suicide
- Management, Oversight, and Monitoring of Use of Force, including ECW (TASER) Operations and Post-Incident Forensics
- Discipline and Internal Investigations
- Certified Instructor in the Prevention and Management of Suicide in Law Enforcement
- (patrol, including “suicide by cop,” and in the jails)
- Institute for the Prevention of In-Custody Deaths (IPICD) — 2014
- Private Security Guard And Protective Agent - professionally trained and certified to perform security guard duties with and without an exposed firearm
- Bureau of Security and Investigative Services (BSIS), Sacramento, California
- Associates in Administration of Justice College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, California — 2004
- Los Angeles County Paramedic Los Angeles County, California — 1976 - 1978
Medical training and experience
- Basic Red Cross First Aid Advanced Red Cross First Aid Basic Red Cross First Aid Instructor Certified Hospital Orderly
- Nationally Registered Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) (Including emergency driving training)
- Certified Los Angeles County Mobile Intensive Care Unit Paramedic
Training received while with the Sheriff's Department
- Some training, such as various firearms training, was assigned many times over 30 years. Other training such as cultural sensitivity, CPR, and administrative topics, etc., is not listed here.
- Use of Force and Firearms/Weapons' combat firearms, laser firearms special weapons/tactics, Baton, AR-15 rifle, Bennelli shotgun, sting ball - less lethal, stinger 12 - less lethal, Arwen training — less lethal, special weapons - less lethal, Beretta, pepper spray, combat shotgun, firearms shoot, night shoot, TASER cert for Sgt and Lt, handgun fundamentals and handgun/shotgun assault, firearms, advanced combat, holster transition, target ID— shoot/don’t shoot, off duty firearms off duty issues, off duty weapons, laser sighting, Advanced firearms for detectives by LAPD John Pride, combat trap, combat trap PPC
- Jail/Custody: jail security, jail management and 24 hours training on how to perform policy/procedures jail audits, escape review, jail intelligence, 40 hour jail operations, jail fire safety, jail security issues, escape review, POST jail manager 40 hour course, hostage issues, hostage takeover, fire/smoke situations, medical emergencies.
- Emergency: emergency operations center, emergency preparedness and procedures, emergency mobilization, earthquake preparedness, disaster preparedness, haz-mat scene management, earthquake
- Various: pursuit policy, emergency driving, disabled/mentally ill, crisis negotiation, squad tactics, how to debrief critical incidents, use of force + false report situations, fraud cell phone, missing persons, MDT field operations, terrorism CSTI, WMD operations, gang overview, NIMS emergency training, suicide intervention, fire life safety, Tactical Science Course, executive protection basics, threat assessment - night, flashlight techniques, SWAT issues, Sexual Assault Inv. School, racial profiling, respiratory protection
- Narcotics: CSTI, clandestine labs meth/PCP, Basic POST narcotics, 40 hour narcotics class - LASD, 8 hour cocaine class CNOA Dr. McGee, 1150 H&S — LAPD - Dr. Tenent, Men’s Central Jail hospital floor for PCP under the influence suspects, in-service training, and interviewing inmate drug uses/sellers. Three years HQ Narcotics Bureau, co-sworn as a federal agent. Written over 100 search warrants and served hundreds more. Testified as a narcotics expert over 100 times in many different courts.
- Leadership/Command/Management: command post operations, national incident command #100, #200, #300, #400, #700 and #800, transitional command, critical incident command, command issues, executive command school #1 and #2, incident management system, incident prevention, risk assessment, risk management issues, incident command system, deputy leadership school, field training and Jeadership classes, POST sergeants supervisory, personnel performance index, POST middle management, COPS - Community Oriented Policing Services, case analysis #1 and #2
Other Specialty Officer Safety Training (1979 and 1981)
- Twice attended the week-long Specialized Officer Safety Training Program at the California Specialized Training Institute (CSTI) at San Luis Obispo, California, in Officer Safety Tactics. 40 hours. Courses included:
- Patrol tactics and officer responses
- Officer safety: mindset and fitness
- Arrest and control skills
- Building entry and search tactics
- Weapon retention
- Tactical response scenarios
- Marking cartridge scenarios
- Tactical/combat shooting
- Explosives awareness
- Ambush awareness
Continuing Education since starting Police and Jail Procedures
2009, Proactive Protection Agency, Inc. - President Allen Banks, “Executive Protection Training Seminar." 2009, TASA webinar, “The Ten Mistakes Expert Witnesses Often Make.”
2010, Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE), “Lethal and Less Lethal Use of Force Conference,“ Las Vegas, NV. Part of the training required to become Certified Litigation Specialist. Courses included:
- Foreseeable consequences of excessive force
- TASER policy recommendations
- TASER in the force continuum
- TASER youthful confrontations
- TASER deployments, warnings, and drawing
- TASER training requirements and needs
- TASER independent review
- Sudden and in-custody deaths
- Retooling policy and training re in-custody deaths
- Suicide by cop
- Deadly and less lethal devices: Neck restraints
- Nets, electronic restraints, chemical restraints
- Delivery systems for lethal, less lethal and non-lethal
- Use of force investigations
- Investigative procedures & officers’ rights
2010, TASA webinars, “The Importance of Understanding the Daubert Decision," “Rule 26 Report
Writing,” and “Tips for Your Deposition.”
2011, LAPD seminar for security professionals, “Suicide Bomber Prevention.” 2011, TASA webinar, “Civil Procedures.”
2011, Institute for the Prevention of In-Custody Deaths (IPICD), “Jail Suicide Conference," Las Vegas, NV. Part of the training required to become Certified Litigation Specialist (CLS). Courses included:
- TASER - ECD and other minimal force options
- Excited delirium syndrome
- Cocaine, excited delirium and TASER
- The WRAP Restraint
- Sudden in-custody deaths
- Use of force policies and reporting: decreasing in-custody deaths
- Jail suicide prevention: preventing suicide by cop
- Restraint Asphyxia
- Investigating in-custody deaths
- Defending against Agitated Chaotic Events’” in your jails
- Arrest physiology and arrest-related death
2012, Close Quarters 5-day Pistol Class, Gunsite Academy, AZ. (Reaction times, Threat assessment, Weapon retention firing, Draw/fire from concealed carry.)
2012, Association of Court Appointed Investigators, “Expert Witness Training” by Tim Williams, retired LAPD robbery/homicide detective and police expert.
2013, AELE, “Discipline and Internal Investigations Conference,” where completed training required to become Certified Litigation Specialist (CLS), Las Vegas, NV.
2013, AELE, “Management, Oversight, and Monitoring of Use of Force, including ECW (TASER) Operations and Post-Incident Forensics,” Las Vegas, NV. Topics included:
- Force policy liability
- Use of force training methodologies
- Contain v. Confront
- Crowd control and hostages
- TASER manufacturer warnings and recommendations
- TASER / firearm weapon confusion
- Downloads analysis and testing
- TASER repair, maintenance and recertification
- TASER evidence collection, analysis, & storage
- TASER scene analysis and measurements
- Bean bag rounds, batons, and other devices
- Chemical agents
- Threat assessment as a factor in use of force
- TASER probes (Darts) - advantages and disadvantages
2013, supplemental TASER training on the X26 trigger pull times analysis by Rick Guilbault, VP of training at TASER International, and by Jerry Staton, Senior Master TASER instructor.
2014, California Training Institute (CTI), “Force Encounters Analysis: Understanding Human Performance during Critical Incidents,“ (including reaction times), Brea Police Department, Brea, CA.
2014, IPICD,"Legal, Medical, and Scientific Constraints on Human Restraints Symposiums,“ Las Vegas, NV. Courses included: restraint liability concerns, TARP Certification (cord cuffing), reasonable use of restraints in corrections, handcuffs and handcuff injury, and electronic restraints (TASER among others).
2014, IPICD, "Instructor Certification for Suicide Prevention and Management (in patrol and in the jails),” Las Vegas, NV. Course included: suicide behavioral cues, mental illness, suicide by cop, suicide in confinement, “reasonable” suicide risk management and prevention, and suicide watch checks.
2015, SEAK, Inc., “Advanced Testifying Skills for Experts,” San Diego, CA.
2015, IPICD, “One Breath: The Importance of Recognizing Agonal & Other Breathing Problems.” This on- line, certified course included the topics of: Understanding Ventilation and Respiration, Normal and Abnormal Breathing, Agonal Breathing, and Best Practices.
2015, IPICD, “Excited Delirium and Agitated Chaotic Events Instructor, Recognition Responding, Managing, and Investigating Arrest-Related and Sudden, In-Custody Deaths,” CarJsbad, CA. Topics included:
- TASER use
- Excited Delirium and Intervention Best Practices
- Illicit Drugs
- Neck Restraints
2016, Refresher Pistol Techniques, one-day, instructor Ernest Haleck, Law Enforcement Advanced Development, Newhall, CA. (Reaction times, Threat assessment, Weapon retention firing, Draw/fire from concealed carry.)
03/2017, Concealed Carry Tactics, two-days, International Tactical Training Seminars, Inc, Sylmar, CA. (Reaction times, Threat assessment, Knife attacks, Long distance shooting, Low light situations, Weapon retention firing, Draw/fire from concealed carry.)
04/2017, IPICD, “Arrest-Related and In-Custody Death Investigative Specialist," Fort Collins CO. Certificate issued. Topics included:
- Investigation of arrest-related deaths and sudden, in-custody deaths
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its application to arrested persons
- Excited Delirium — Agitated Chaotic Events: Best practices
- TASER ECD-ECW models, Stinger, Karbon Arms, NOVA.
- TASER , The importance of timelines TASER associated deaths
- TASER firing records, time stamps and discrepancies
- TASER cartridge, wire, probe, and trace evidence.
- TASER investigation of alleged excessive use of force
- TASER failures due to defective TASERS
- TASER warnings
- TASER related training severe injuries
- TASER wire and probe analysis
- TAS£R clock and clock drift
- TASER “P.E.R.F." model vs. standard model
01/2018, IPICD, “Wheelchairs: Contact and Control” Train-the-Trainer, Las Vegas, NV. Certificate issued. This course covered Title-II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and how it relates to arresting, transporting, and jailing of persons in wheelchairs, and persons with other disabilities as defined by the ADA. Topics included:
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and how it relates to law enforcement
- Body worn cameras and the disabled
- Reasonable accommodations — Special needs
- Disguised weapons
- Contacting persons in wheelchairs including searching the user
- Managing special needs
- Connected medical equipment
- Transferring from wheelchair to patrol car and/or ambulance, etc.
- Use of the LASER in cases where in the subject is attached to medical equipment