Police Policy Practice Use of Force Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Police Policy, Police Practice, Use of Force, Internal Affairs, Criminal Investigations, Community Policing, Organizational Structure, Management, Supervision, CEPA, Color of Authority Questions, Confidential Informants, Crime Analysis, Crime Scene Management, Domestic Violence Involving Police Officers, Evidence Function, Integrity Testing, Internal Affairs, Off-Duty Arrests, Off-Duty Employment, Organizational Structure, Police Ethics, Policing Strategies, Policy Development, Probable Cause, Arrest, Search, Seizure


  • 2008-Ph.D. Criminal Justice – School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ
  • 2005-MA Criminal Justice – School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ
  • 2002- BS – Criminal Justice – School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ


Issues in police policy and practice; social disorganization theory; situational crime prevention; problem-oriented policing; secondary effects; violent crime; organizational accidents


  • 2015-2017 – Director – New York City Police Department, Executive Master’s Program – New York, NY
  • 2014-Present – Associate Professor – John Jay College of Criminal Justice (tenured & promoted, September 2014) – New York, NY
  • 2011-Present – Doctoral Faculty CUNY Graduate Center, Ph.D. Program in Criminal Justice – New York, NY
  • 2009-2014 – Assistant Professor John Jay College of Criminal Justice – New York, NY
  • 2005-2008 – Adjunct Lecturer – Rutgers University, Newark College of Arts and Sciences – Newark, NJ
  • 2005 – Adjunct Professor – Fairleigh Dickinson University-School of Administrative Science, Petrocelli College – Teaneck, NJ


  • The 2014 Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Outstanding Mentor of the Year – Winner -Feb 21, 2014
  • The 2012 Award for Outstanding Experimental Field – Trial Winner (research team member) – Nov 2012
  • The 2011 American Society of Criminology Mentor of the Year Winner – Aug 26, 2011
  • The 2010 Emerald/European Foundation for Management Development (EFMD) Outstanding Doctoral Research Award (ODRA) – Highly
  • Commended Award Winner -Jan 24, 2011
  • Dean’s List 2009-2010 – Certificate of appreciation for graduate student mentorship – Oct 28, 2010
  • Dean’s List 2008-2009 – Oct 15, 2009


  • Advanced Issues in Policing
  • Contemporary Problems in Community Policing
  • Criminology
  • Introduction to Criminal Justice
  • Introduction to Law Enforcement
  • Issues in Criminal Justice (Police & Corrections
  • Police and the Community
  • Police Ethics
  • Problem-Oriented Policing
  • Using Computers in Social Research (statistics)



2015 – April 4-17 – Uruguay National Police, Basic and Advanced Criminal Investigations, Montevideo, Uruguay.

2014 – June 9-20 – Sept 15-16 – Uruguay National Police, Basic and Advanced Criminal Investigations, Montevideo, Uruguay.

2013 – July 9 -11 – U.S. Army Senior Military Police Leaders Conference of Performance Management Process, Ft. Hood, TX.

September 18-20 – U.S. Army Senior Military Police Leaders Conference of Performance Management Process, Ft. Campbell, KY.

2010 – November 9 – New Haven (CT) Police Department Investigative Training Course, West Haven, Connecticut.

March 30 to April 2 – Leading Police Performance and Accountability Symposium 2010, Jamaica Constabulary Force. Producers House Building, Kingston, Jamaica.

2009 – September to November (Various dates)- Implementing and Institutionalizing CompStat in Maryland. Grant program with University of Maryland and Governor’s Office of Crime Prevention, Baltimore, MD.

2008 – April 22 – Developing a Performance Management Model. Ohio Association of Chiefs of Police. 2008 in-service training conference, Deer Creek, Ohio.
June 23- Developing a Performance Management Model. Florida Police Chiefs Association 56th Annual Summer Training Conference, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida.
August 19 – Developing a Performance Management Model. Virginia Association of Chiefs of Police, Annual Conference, Hot Springs, Virginia.
October 28 – Developing a Performance Management Model. The Houston Area Police Chief’s Association, Woodlands Public Safety Training Center, Conroe, Texas.
2007 – May 5 – Developing a Performance Management Model. Ottawa Association of Law Enforcement Planners. Algonquin College, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
August 8 – Developing a Performance Management Model. Louisiana Attorney General’s Command College, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
October 16-17 – Developing a Performance Management Model. International Association of Law Enforcement Planners, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


March 2006 – July 2006

Consultant to Essex County College, Newark, NJ to assist with design and implementation of a geographic information system (GIS) training program for law enforcement and homeland security initiatives

February 2005 – September 2005

Staff Member, NJ Attorney General’s Office – Camden Commission for Public Safety.

Research Associate, Rutgers Police Institute. Conducted public safety research and a police management study in Camden, NJ as a staff member of the Camden Commission for Public Safety. Research included a management study on efficiency and recommendations on best practices for organizational change, deployment and sustained crime control initiatives.

May 2004 – Present

Senior Research Associate, Police Foundation Washington, D.C. Currently, serving as a senior research associate to the Police Foundation on a variety of topics related to policing. Most recently, assisted preparing a research grant to the National Institute of Justice entitled: A National Assessment of the Risks and Benefits of Shift Practices and Related Policies in Law Enforcement: Impact on Officer and Organizational Performance.

October 2003 – May 2004

Research Team Member, Rutgers Center for Mental Health. Conducted research on police interactions and responses to persons with mental health issues. Study included conducting on site interviews with police officers as well as calls for service data analysis.

September 2003 – September 2004

Differential Police Response: Neighborhood Social Disorganization and Police Response Time to Domestic Violence Calls. Principal investigator and author of explanatory research on police response time to domestic violence calls in Newark, New Jersey. The objective was to explain the relationship between indicators of social disorganization and police response time to domestic violence calls for service.

March 1993 – August 2003

Successfully solicited by proposal over $50 million in state and federal grants for various police initiatives including community policing, personnel, equipment and training as a member of the Newark Police Department, Research, Analysis and Planning Division

June 2001 Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government and Police Executive
Research Forum (PERF)—Senior Management Institute for Police, Session 25, Boston,MA

February to June 1998
Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI National Academy—193rd Session Quantico, Virginia
January to June1996
Police Foundation Washington, D.C. Visiting fellow, Police Fellowship Program

March 1989 – December 2005
Newark (NJ) Police Department (Retired, Captain of police). See below for detailed law enforcement experience.

December 1985 – March 1989
Clifton (NJ) Police Department



  • Book review: Speaking Truth to Power, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books 2017
  • Peer-review member, Crime Science 2015
  • Peer-review member, The Sociological Quarterly 2012
  • Editorial advisory board member, International Journal of Emergency Services 2011
  • Peer-review member, Police Quarterly 2011
  • ACJS 47th Annual Meeting, Ethics in Policing, Modalities; Dynamics of Use of Force & The Police Command Structure, Panel chair 2010
  • Delphi Panel participant, Incentive Research Foundation; offered a police perspective to re-validate and update The Master Measurement Model of
  • Employee Performance study conducted in 1992 2010
  • Peer-review member, Journal of Criminal Justice 2010, 2017
  • Peer-review member, Criminal Justice & Behavior 2010
  • Peer-review member, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 2010
  • Peer-review member, Taylor Francis Publishing 2010
  • Peer-review member, Police Practice & Research 2010
  • Peer-review member, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 2009-2010
  • Book review member Thompson/Wadsworth publishing 2009
  • Rutgers School of Criminal Justice Alumni Association, Treasurer 2009-2010
  • Invited lecture, Benjamin Cardoza Law School March 22, 2010
  • Invited lecture, U.S. Department of Justice COPS Office National Leadership Roundtable, Leadership For Public Safety II, with the Community
  • Policing Leadership Institute (CPLI) at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice Office of Continuing and Professional Studies
    April 29-30, 2010


  • Grant development task force 2011
  • Police Studies Coordinator 2009-2013
  • LPS Faculty Research Salon Discussant November 2009
  • LPS ad hoc Curriculum Committee member 2010-2015


  • Doctoral faculty member Jan 14, 2011
  • Clinton Global Initiative, faculty representative to student committee 2009-2011
  • Council of Major Coordinators 2009-2011
  • Council of Allied Major Coordinators (Dean Ann Lopes, Committee Chair) 2010-2011
  • CUNY Faculty COACHE Survey November 2009
  • Chair of the AA Degree Educational Partnerships Committee, CUNY Justice Academy (David Barnet, Director of Educational Partnerships) 2010-
  • 2011
  • CRJ 101 student performance evaluation study participant Sept-Dec 2009


  • Bay Area Rapid Transit Police (BART) Police-Citizen Encounters (with Dr. Maki Haberfeld and Consortium for Police Leadership in Equity (CPLE) at
  • UCLA). Research application was awarded in November and work began in January 2013. Nov. 27, 2012
  • New York City Police Department, Executive Development Section Article ContributorJune 2010
  • Student outreach effort, Passaic County Technical Institute, Wayne, NJ (With Jeanette Taverez, Undergraduate Admission Counselor) March 26, 2010
  • Paterson (NJ) Mayor’s Task Force on Crime and Violence October 2009


  • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 2009-Present
  • Police Executive Research Forum 2003-Present
  • American Society of Criminology 2004-Present
  • Society for Police and Criminal Psychology 2008-2009


  • Office of the Chief of Police
  • Command Operations Center
  • August 2004 December 2005

The Command Operations Center (COC) provides command rank supervision to the Department during non-business hours. The COC personnel monitor significant planned or spontaneous events,inspect Department-wide operations including field deployment, operational readiness, and administrative procedures. The COC also provides control of resources to address prevailing servicedemands, command level presence and oversight at the scene of unusual incidents. Personnel assigned to COC also address citizen complaints to ensure departmental objectives are achieved.

  • Operations Bureau
  • North District Police Station—District Commander
  • April 2004 August 2004
    See East District Station for responsibilities


  • Office of the Police Director
  • Office of Policy and Planning
  • August 2002 April 2004
  • January 2002 June 2002
  • See Research, Analysis and Planning Division for responsibilities


  • Operations Bureau
  • East District Police Station—District Commander
  • June 2002 August 2002

The East Police District is the largest geographical precinct in the city with a residential population of approximately 80,000 and a daytime population of more 200,000. Newark’s most coveted areas are situated here, including Newark International Airport, Port Newark seaport, the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, University Heights, the campuses of Rutgers University, New Jersey Institute of Technology and Essex County College, and Restaurant Row in the Ironbound. Responsibilities include charge of district station performance, a complement of 160 police officers and detectives, fifty-vehicle fleet, crime analysis, ComStat, personnel assignments, internal affairs and integrity control, records management, and prisoner detention.

  • Office of the Police Director
  • Office of Policy, Planning and Technology—Commanding Officer, Management Information Systems
  • April 2000 January 2002

MIS exists to ensure the Department operates efficiently through the use of technology. Responsible for managing the Department’s information systems which include hardware and software from Intergraph, Oracle and Motorola. Also, GIS services (mapping), computer aided dispatching (CAD), records management system (RMS), researching new technologies, and administering a $5 million budget for personnel and equipment. Directed the following projects:

  •  Construction and implementation of a state-of-the-art Computer Learning Center
  • Development of a multimillion dollar Oracle® records management system (RMS)
  • Implementation of a wireless (CDPD) network Reorganization and management of the geographic information systems (GIS) program


  • Operations Bureau
  • North District Police Station—Tour Commander
  • July 1999 April 2000

During a tour of duty, responsible for the efficient operation of one of four geographical District police stations. Responsibilities include supervision of first line supervisors, motor patrol and foot patrol officers; conducting personnel inspections and performance evaluations; initiating disciplinary procedures and personnel investigations; monitoring and counseling subordinate personnel; conducting roll call training, recommending commendations. Also accountable for District desk operations and precinct activities, including charge determinations, reviewing, approving and classifying reports, prisoner detention, assignments, and bail.

  • Office of the Police Director
  • Policy and Planning Division—Executive Officer
  • July 1998 July 1999
  • Responsibilities same as listed under Research, Analysis & Planning


  • Office of the Police Director
  • Special Assistant to the Police Director
  • September 1997 July 1998

The Police Director’s Office is responsible for the policy position of the Police Department. Responsible for developing policy, implementing strategic crime control initiatives, responding to interagency correspondence and letters of complaint, acting as an intermediary among police executives, political and community leaders, representing the Police Director as directed, media relations and public information—Police Department spokesperson—and overall tasks designed to direct the mission of the Newark Police Department.
Coordinated and appeared in an ethics training video produced for the U.S. Department of Justice—COPS Office through a grant to the Police Foundation, Washington, D.C. Assigned to the Criminal Investigation Bureau—Fugitive Apprehension Section to design and implement a Fugitive Apprehension Program.

  • Criminal Investigation Bureau—Violent Crime Division
  • Homicide Section—Detective Supervisor
  • May 1997 September 1997

The Homicide Section is responsible for all death investigations, officer-involved shootings, and kidnapping investigations. Responsible for monitoring all active investigations, reviewing “cold” cases, reviewing, classifying and approving investigations, charge determinations, crime scene management, statistical analysis, and database management.

  • Field Operations Bureau
  • East & West District Police Station—Field Supervisor
  • June 1995 September 1995

Responsible for the supervision of motor patrol and foot patrol officers; conducting personnel inspections and performance evaluations; initiating disciplinary procedures and personnel investigations; monitoring and counseling subordinate personnel; conducting roll call training, recommending commendations. Also accountable for desk operations and precinct activities, including charge determinations, reviewing, approving and classifying reports, prisoner detention, and bail.

  • Office of the Police Director
  • Research, Analysis & Planning Division—Detective
  • March 1993 May 1997

Responsible for the research and development of budgetary proposals, Department policies, tactical and strategic planning, comparative, statistical and crime analysis, State and Federal grant proposals, interagency surveys, and overall tasks designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Newark Police Department.

  • Over a four-year period successfully solicited by proposal over $40 million in Federal and State funds for community policing initiatives, equipment, personnel, and construction projects.
  • Cadre member of the Emergency Operations Center (E.O.C). E.O.C is responsible for activation during all mobilization exercises, demonstrations/protests, severe weather emergencies, civil disorder conditions, airport disasters and other similar critical incidents.
  • Participated in a five month police fellowship at the Police Foundation Washington, D.C. Fellowship entailed writing proposals, designing training curricula, conducting research on policing ,and participating in management studies on a national level. Also assisted in the development of the
  • Police Foundation’s segment of the Community Policing Consortium Phase V grant proposal, submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice, COPS Office.
  • Participated in the development and implementation of the Newark Police Department’s Emergency Response Team (E.R.T). Team member and supervisor August, 1994 – September, 1997.


  • Special Investigation Bureau
  • TARGET Team—Police Officer
  • November 1992 March 1993

Assigned to the Tactical Auto Recovery Group and Enforcement Team (T.A.R.G.E.T). This proactive anti-crime unit was designed to combat bank robberies, serial crimes, high-profile incidents, carjackings, and auto thefts on a citywide level. T.A.R.G.E.T. jointly participated with the F.B.I.’s Violent Crime Fugitive Task Force and the Joint Bank Robbery Task Force for combined operations.

  • Field Operations Bureau
  • South District Police Station Police Officer
  • August 1989 November 1992

Appointed to the Newark Police Department and assigned to the South Police District one of four geographical police precincts in the City. The South District encompasses a residential population of more than 80,000 residents, including several public housing tracts with a population in excess of 10,000 people. The South District also harnesses a sizeable industrial/commercial manufacturing area that raises the daytime population to more than 100,000 people.

  • Responsible for service demands and response to calls for police service.
  • Assigned to Special Enforcement 1990-1992; district level street-crime suppression unit designed to address local conditions. Responsible for plain clothes/anti-crime efforts, decoy, vice, robbery, prostitution and narcotics operations.
  • Participated in selective enforcement operations, including saturation patrol and directed patrol operations in high crime neighborhoods.
  • Participated in various community policing programs at the district level
  • Field Training Officer 1990-1991


  • Communications Division
  • Communications Technician
  • December 1985 March 1989

Clifton city is one of the urban-15 communities in New Jersey serving a population of nearly 90,000. Responsible for managing police, fire and EMS field assets through a computer aided dispatch system. Also responsible for processing incoming calls for public safety and using advanced crime information systems (CJIS, NCIC).


  • Police Director’s Special Recognition Award 1997
  • Department Award Excellent Police Duty 1997, 1996, 1992, 1991, 1990
  • New Jersey Exemplary Awards Program 1996
  • Webber Seavey Award for Quality in Law Enforcement (Finalist) 1994


  • Captain September 2000
  • Lieutenant July 1998
  • Sergeant (rank) July 1995
  • Detective (status) March 1993