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Toxicology Environmental Assessor Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Toxicology,ABCEP Board Certified Environmental Assessor, Health Risk Assessment, Toxic Consequences Of Accidents, Chlorine Gas Spill, Freight Train Spills, Chemical Plants, Incinerators, Landfills, Power Plants, Mines, Industrial Plants, Exposures Substances, Particles, Toxic Gases, Air, Soil Groundwater Contaminants, Pesticides, Metals, Organic Solvents, Microbial Risk, Chemical Risks, Ammonia, Response Aspects Of Human Health Risk Assessment, Extremely Hazardous Substances, Toxicology, EHSS, Chlorine, Ammonia, Chemical Accidents Release Ammonia Chlorine Gas Release, Response Industrial Emergencies, Mass Poisoning, Risk Management For Herbicide Applicators, Toxicology,

Expert Witness No.1306

New York

Education

1973 to 1979
Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York
Ph.D., Environmental Toxicology

1967 to 1971
University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
M.S., Environmental Ecology

1963 to 1967
City College of New York, New York City
B.S., Biology

1981
Washington College of Law, American University; Washington, DC Course in Environmental Litigation

1969
University of California; Berkeley, California
Course in Improving Teaching Techniques in the Physical Sciences

Selected Professional Details

1986 – present
CEO and Consulting Toxicologist
Health Risk Assessment and Management; Schenectady, New York, USA

1983 – present
Sec’y, NFPA Comm. on Classification and Properties of Hazardous Chemicals

1986 – present
Elected Life Member, New York Academy of Sciences

1986 – present
ABCEP: Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals
Board Certified Environmental Professional, 1986 – present
Certification Review Board Chairperson, 1993 – 2013
Trustee, 1993 – 2013 and 2017 – present
Co-chairperson, ABCEP Mentorship Program, 2017 – present

1993 – 2013
Board Member, National Association of Environmental Professionals

1998 – 2001
Editorial Board, Environmental Engineering Policy (Springer-Verlag)

2006 – 2015
Editorial Board, Environmental Practice (Cambridge University Press)

Academic and Professional Chronology:

Kramer Medal
2004
Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals (ABCEP)
ABCEP, Dr Richard J. Kramer Memorial Award (April 2004)

NAEP DSA
1994
National Association of Environmental Professionals (NAEP)
NAEP, Distinguished Service Award (14 June 1994)

Board of Directors
1993
NAEP Board of Directors
ex officio, 1993-2013 (April 1993)

Board of Directors
1993
ABCEP Board of Directors
ex officio, 1993-2013 (April 1993)

ABCEP CRB Chair
1993
Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals
Chairperson, ABCEP Certification Review Board (1993-2013) (April 1993)

ABCEP CEP
1986
Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals
Board Certification in Environmental Assessment (8 February 1986)

NYAS Life Member
1986
New York Academy of Sciences
Elected Life Member (October 1986)

ME SAP Chair
1984
State of Maine Scientific Advisory Panel
Appointed Chairperson (1984-’90)

1981
audit
American University, Washington College of Law
Environmental Litigation (Spring 1981)

PhD
1979
4.00
State University of New York at Stony Brook
Biology, specializing in Environmental Toxicology (13 August 1979)

1973
New York State Permanent Teaching Certificate
Biology, Chemistry & General Science, grades 7-12 (1 September 1973)

1973
New York City High School Teaching License
Biology and General Science (1 September 1973)

MS
1971
3.74
University of Georgia; Athens
Marine Biology, specializing in Environmental Toxicology (August 1971)

1969
4.00
University of California, Berkeley
Improving Teaching Techniques in Physical Sciences (Summer 1969)

1969
3.50
CCNY, City College of the City University of NY (CUNY)
School of Education, Graduate Division (Spring 1969)

1968
3.00
Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Biological Station
Marine Biochemistry; Algal Physiology (Summer 1968)

BS
1967
2.37
CCNY, City College of the City University of NY (CUNY)
Biology (11 June 1967)

GRE
1966
Graduate Record Examination
99 th percentile, Quantitative
(October 1966)
86 th percentile, Verbal
99 th percentile, Advanced Test in Biology

1966
3.00
University of Miami, Institute of Marine Sciences
Marine Biology (Summer 1966)

Academic Diploma
1963
Long Island City High School; Queens, New York City
Academic Diploma (attended 1960-’63) (June 1963)

Scientific Research

  • Consulting project research. Numerous, selected research areas described herein;
  • Toxic red tides. Modeled causation of toxic red tides by blooms of marine algae;
  • PCBs/bioassay. Investigated influence of laboratory culture conditions on microbial toxicology bioassays using one-celled marine algae exposed to PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls; Ph.D. dissertation, citation on previous page);
  • DDT. Investigated DDT toxicology to one-celled algae (M.S. thesis, citation on previous page);
  • Cancer chemotherapy. Tested anti-neoplastic drugs on rodents in Mount Sinai Hospital neurovirology laboratory prior to drug administration by physicians in experimental cancer chemotherapies for consenting patients suffering from inoperable brain tumors;
  • Immunology. Characterized blood complement fixation reactions in vitro in medical New York City Health Department immunology laboratory.

Awards & Grants

  • April 2013 ABCEP Presidential Service Award
  • April 2004 ABCEP Kramer Medal
  • June 1994 NAEP Distinguished Service Award

Skills & Activities

  • Skills PCB, PM2.5, Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Health Risk Assessment, Exposure Assessment, Environmental Risk Assessment, Bioaccumulation,
  • Dredging, Fracking, Environmental Toxicology, Environmental Analysis, Environmental Pollution, Heavy Metals, Dioxins, Heavy Metal Pollution,
  • Heavy Metal Toxicity, Sediment Pollution, Chemical Risk Assessment, Sediment Toxicity, Aerosols, Petroleum, Technology Transfer, Toxicology,
  • Public Health, Particulate Matter, Volatile Organic Compounds, Risk Assessment, Air, Ecosystems, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental
  • Health, New Technology, Environmental Exposure, Environmental Conservation

Languages

  • Fijian and Spanish (rusty), German (scientific, conversational; both rusty)

Scientific Memberships

  • Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals (ABCEP) American Association for the Advancement of Science, Life Member National
  • Association of Environmental Professionals (NAEP) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
  • New York Academy of Sciences, Life Member
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Technical Committee Reports
  • Member, (Former) Technical Committee on Hazardous Chemicals Secretary, Technical Committee on Classification and
  • Properties of Hazardous Chemicals Data 1991-present

Expert Company Corporation Overview

Expert Company was established in 1986 to accommodate growing demand for toxicology, risk assessment, and risk management services previously offered in Expert’ personal consulting practice. Expert Company provides six major services, including on-site activities, in assessing and managing human health and environmental risks: exposure and on-site assessment/management, hazard evaluation, environmental assessment, peer review, regulatory agency liaison and permit acquisition, as well as litigation support.

Exposure and on-site assessment/management includes on-site and off-site activities to evaluate the degree to which toxic substances contamination might occur in watersheds, airsheds, commercial or industrial facilities, ecosystems, or real estate. At contaminated sites, exposure analysis includes determining past or projected future human exposure to the substances, for example in commercial products of the home, workplace, or environment; or in hazardous or municipal wastes managed by such practices as landfilling, incineration, or even recycling. Degrees and routes of exposure to foodborne, waterborne or airborne toxics, domestic or agricultural pesticides, or pharmaceuticals may be assessed.

Hazard evaluation begins where exposure analysis endsthat is, with qualitatively and/or quantitatively evaluating potential health effects associated with substances to which acute or chronic exposure or possible exposure has been documented. Potential risks to public health arise from two necessary conditions: exposure and toxicological potency. The latter is documented in hazard evaluation.

Environmental assessment includes evaluating the dynamics of substances released to indoor or outdoor environments by all release processes. Environmental dynamics relates to the presence and persistence of substance(s) in indoor environments and/or in terrestrial, aquatic, marine, aerial, or agricultural ecosystems; processes of physical, chemical, and/or biological transformation and degradation; bioaccumulation and bioconcentration; transport and fate; and effects of the substance(s) on organisms and communities, including alterations of species composition, diversity, richness, and abundance.

Peer review includes analyzing the technical merit of toxicology study design and implementation, statistical testing, and validity of conclusions drawn from study findings, as well as technically advising regulatory agencies.

Regulatory agency liaison and permit acquisition begins with examining plans for siting, construction, operation, and maintenance of proposed facilities requiring permits in accordance with applicable laws. On-site and/or off-site activities are then undertaken to address issues of potential concern. A determination is made of whether the subject facility can be reasonably expected to meet federal, state, and local environmental regulations if sited, constructed, operated, and maintained as proposed. Environmental and/or health risk management options may be identified to mitigate potential adverse project impacts. On-site and off-site activities are coupled with required regulatory agency liaison as well as written and oral testimony as may be appropriate.

Litigation support includes any of the above services needed for evaluating toxic tort lawsuits, supporting case development, and providing expert testimony in depositions and/or court.

Chlorinated Dioxins

Expert has evaluated cancer and non-cancer risks potentially posed by chlorinated dioxins in connection with numerous industrial facilities, such as paper mills, power plants, and incinerators. He served as an expert in a toxic tort lawsuit involving occupational exposure to dioxins emitted by an obsolete medical waste incinerator in Ireland. His activities as Chairperson of the State of Maine Scientific Advisory Panel (ME SAP) generated the primary evidentiary basis for the U. S. EPA’s ongoing dioxin reassessment (DioxinFacts.org 2010), initiated more than a decade ago.

Dioxins were a big issue in Maine because of their release from the state’s largest industry, paper. Accordingly, the paper industry requested Expert to convene a ME SAP meeting devoted to a presentation by paper industry consultants. The industry’s purpose was to show that the liver lesion classification system used in the classic Kociba, et al. (1978) study forming the basis for EPA’s extraordinarily high dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) cancer potency factor had been supplanted by a system that no longer would support the original cancer classification of many of the lesions observed in that study. Expert sought release and independent re-evaluation of the original pathology slides.

On behalf of ME SAP, Expert requested release of the pathology slides in custody of the Dow Chemical Company in Midland, Michigan. The slides were re-evaluated by the Pathology Working Group (PWG) on 2,3,7,8-TCDD. PWG’s work was fully peer-reviewed. Its report (PWG 1990a, b) was transmitted to ME SAP via 19-March 1990 letter to Expert: “One of the most important statements in the report is that the morphological findings indicate that TCDD had only a weak oncogenic effect in female rat livers.”

Emergency Planning

Expert has been involved in the emergency planning and response aspects of human health risk assessment. In the area of microbiology, he has cultured human cells and infected them with dangerous (cancer causing) viruses in support of research at the Mt. Sinai Medical Center in New York City, and also has evaluated microbial risks potentially posed to employees of New York City’s 14 municipal sewage treatment plants after illegally disposed medical wastes began washing up on New York beaches. In the area of chemical risks, he has interacted extensively with the U. S. National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels to implement Federal emergency planning laws aimed at preventing releases of EPA-designated Extremely Hazardous Substances (EHSs), and preventing such EHS releases, if they do occur, from resulting in tragedies like the tragedy in Bhopal, India in 1988, resulting from a massive release of methyl isocyanate from a chemical plant.

Expert’ involvement with emergency response also has included serving as Secretary of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Committee on Classification and Properties of Hazardous Chemicals, serving on the NFPA Hazardous Chemicals Committee, and consulting to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) on the chemical emergency at Love Canal, which (before Superfund) was the responsibility of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Expert also has been involved in analyses of chemical accidents, such as releases of ammonia and chlorine gas, which have resulted in injuries and lawsuits. Citations of selected publications by Expert relating to emergency planning and response aspects of risk assessment are appended.

Hospital and Medical Waste Risks and Management

  • Risk Assessment
  • DeGraff Memorial Hospital (North Tonawanda, New York). Prepared Health Risk Assessment for incinerator upgrade at 194-bed hospital; Feb. 1992;
  • Emerging Medical Waste Treatment Technologies. Prepared “Qualitative Assessment of Health Risks Potentially Associated with Hospital Waste Treatment Technologies,” September 1991;
  • Roswell Park Memorial Institute (Buffalo, New York). Prepared health risk assessment (HRA) Protocol for upgrade of incinerator serving 218-bed cancer research hospital, as required by new regulations applicable to medical waste incinerators; August 1991;
  • Buffalo General Hospital (New York). Prepared Health Risk Assessment for upgrade of 20-ton- per-day incinerator at 775-bed hospital; approved August 1992;
  • Huntington Memorial Hospital (Pasadena, California). Evaluated management of infectious, hazardous, and non-hazardous waste streams at 546-bed hospital and recommended adoption of specified state of the art policies and procedures; June 1990;
  • New York City Department of Environmental Protection. Assessed potential risks to employee health posed by medical wastes entering New York City sewers, March 1989.

Professional Presentations and Peer Review

  • American Institute of Architects. Appointed to AIA Committee to Revise the 1992/93 and 1987 Guidelines for Construction and Equipment of Hospital and Medical Facilities; July 1991 to present;
  • Middle Atlantic Health Congress. Addressed hospital architects/planners on “Health Risk Assessment in Managing the Physical Facilities Environmental Assessment Process.” Atlantic City, New Jersey, 24 May 1989;
  • Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary (Boston). Conducted Right-To-Know training program for 174-bed hospital, December 1984;
  • New England Baptist Hospital (Boston). Conducted Right-To-Know training program for 245- bed hospital, December 1984.
  • Incineration, Resource Recovery, Power Generation

Health Risk Assessment

  • GE Power Systems (Schenectady, New York). Assessed potential toxic substance health risks constraining power system design, specifically ammonia risks associated with the Kalina Cycle for gas turbines in cold climates (1996);
  • Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County, Florida. Invited visitor to North County Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) plant and associated solid waste management facilities, December 1995;
  • GE Power Systems (Schenectady, New York). Assessed occupational inhalation risks potentially of developing a natural gas field in Pakistan, and developed enabling risk management options, 20 June 1995;
  • Rhode Island Solid Waste Management Corporation (Providence). Prepared 854-page Health Risk Assessment for the Planned Quonset Point, Rhode Island Resource Recovery Facility, 14 February 1992 (agency-approved 25 February 1992);
  • Inter-Power of New York (Latham). Prepared Protocol to compare potential health risks of available commercial coal sources for the planned Halfmoon Cogeneration Project, a state-of- the-art 220- megawatt fluidized bed electricity and steam cogeneration facility, 23 May 1991;
  • Buffalo General Hospital (New York). Prepared health risk assessment to upgrade 20-ton-per- day incinerator serving 1,442-bed hospital, required by new regulations for medical waste incinerators; prepared 11-page Protocol setting forth risk assessment methodologies, 1991;
  • Inter-Power of New York (Latham). Prepared Health Effects Assessment for toxic emissions from the planned Halfmoon Cogeneration Facility, a state-of-the-art 220- megawatt fluidized bed coal-fired electricity and steam cogeneration facility, 15 December 1989;
  • Providence, Rhode Island. Assessed health risks potentially arising from siting a state-of-the-art 72-megawatt fluidized bed coal-fired electricity and steam cogeneration facility in East Providence (12 May 1989);
  • St. Lawrence County, New York. For Harbert-Triga Corporation, prepared Health Risk Assessment for the Planned St. Lawrence County, New York Resource Recovery Facility, 19 December 1988;
  • Walpole, Massachusetts. Prepared Assessment of public health issues arising from potential emissions from the proposed [85-megawatt] Boston Edison combustion turbine generating facility, Station No. 146, Walpole, MA. Report prepared for the Town of Walpole, Massachusetts, 21 pages, 18 March 1988;
  • Hayden Associates and Regional Waste Systems. Prepared Preliminary Health and Environmental Risk Assessment for the Greater Portland Resource Recovery Facility, Portland, Maine, 13 February 1985;
  • Bechtel Corporation and Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority. Prepared Assessment of Potential Exposure and Health Risks Due to HCl Emissions from the Planned Mid-Connecticut Resource Recovery Facility, October 1984;

Peer Review

  • Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP) Chairperson. Served at least six one-year terms as SAP Chairperson, advising the Bureau of Health on the State of Maine’s Hazardous Air Pollutant Program; appointed in 1984;
  • City of New York Dept. of Sanitation (NYC DOS). Consulted to Staten Island Citizens’ Advisory Committee regarding planned 3,000-ton-per-day municipal refuse incinerator (two-year contract with NYC DOS), started in 1987;
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Technically evaluated draft U. S. EPA document titled Methodology for the Assessment of Health Risks Associated with Multiple Pathway Exposure to Municipal Waste Combustor Emissions (October 1986) on behalf of ASME (1987);
  • U. S. EPA. Technically evaluated proposed downgrading of dioxin-containing incinerator wastes from ‘acutely toxic’ to ‘hazardous,’, 5 November 1985;
  • Borough of Ridgefield (New Jersey). Consulted on health risks associated with siting the Bergen County Resource Recovery Facility in Ridgefield, 1985-86;
  • State of New York State Legislative Commission on Solid Waste Management. Testified on Public Health Risks of Dioxin and Furan Air Emissions from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration, 13 February 1985;
  • Citizens’ Task Force on Resource Recovery in New York State. Developed position document titled Qualified Endorsement of Municipal Refuse Incineration As A Landfill Alternative Requiring Stringent Regulation As Well As A Regional Municipal Waste Management Plan to Protect and Enhance Public and Environmental Health in New York and the Northeast Region, 21 July 1986;
  • City of New York Board of Estimate. Testified regarding health risks potentially posed by the proposed Brooklyn Navy Yard Resource Recovery Facility, 15 August 1985;
  • Logan Township (New Jersey). Consultant regarding (re)permitting of hazardous waste incinerator, 1985;

Testimony and Presentations

  • Bio-Gen Torrington Partnership. Testified before the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection regarding relative public health risks potentially associated with residential woodstoves vs. a planned wood-fired cogenerator, January 1991;
  • Inter-Power of New York (Latham). Testified before the New York State Board of Electric Generation Siting and the Environment regarding risks to public health potentially posed by the planned Halfmoon Cogeneration Project, and relative risks of gas, oil, and coal as fuels; Halfmoon and Albany, New York; April, May, and August 1990;
  • Solid Waste Recycling and Energy Conference. Invited speaker: Risk Assessment and Comparison. San Antonio, Texas; 8-10 May 1991;
  • Biddeford, Maine. Invited speaker and video documentary participant: Risks and Costs of Solid Waste Disposal, presented at town meeting regarding MERC Resource Recovery Facility in Biddeford, 16 January 1988;
  • New Jersey Public Television. Invited panelist on program titled Municipal GarbageA Burning Issue, pre-recorded on 27 February 1987;
  • Ramapo College of New Jersey. Invited seminar speaker: Municipal Refuse Incineration as a Landfill Alternative. Mahwah, 27 February 1987;
  • FAMA 2 Productions. Interviewed for video documentary titled The Garbage Crisis in New York City, pre-recorded on 6 May 1986;
  • Hunter College of CUNY. Chaired Session on Solid Waste and Resource Recovery; also presented workshop on Risk Assessment: Urban Impact Assessment Conference, 14-16 June 1985;
  • New York Academy of Sciences. Invited as technical panelist on Resource Recovery Conflict Resolution Panel (with Barry Commoner) addressing New York City Borough Presidents’ Offices and other parties in City, 18 December 1984;
  • Maryland Resource Recovery Center, Inc. Consulted as expert witness to obtain permit for automobile tire recycling facility in Charles County, initially proposed as a tire pyrolysis unit, 1987;
  • Resource Recovery Report. Invited speaker: Acid Gas and Dioxin Control for Waste-To-Energy Facilities. Washington, DC; 25-26 Nov. 1985.

Landfilling and Groundwater

  • Risk Assessment
  • Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County, Florida. Invited visitor to solid waste recycling, composting, landfill facilities, December 1995;
  • Staten Island, New York. Visited Fresh Kills Landfill to assess completeness of 16 pathways of potential exposure; prepared report relating multipathway risks to inhalation risks at municipal waste landfills vs. combustors, March 1995;
  • Jackson Township, New Jersey Superfund site. Visited Jackson Township Landfill and prepared 343-page health risk assessment for removal of this site from the Superfund site list, May 1992;
  • Linden, New Jersey. Assessed potential health and environmental risks associated with closure of Linden Sanitary Landfill and opening a new, state-of-the-art landfill, August 1988 to August 1989;
  • Winthrop, Maine Superfund site. Assessed health and environmental risks for E. C. Jordan Engineering Company, March 1985;
  • Old Bridge Township, New Jersey Superfund site. Assessed potential risks to public health in the vicinity of the Global Landfill, April 1989;
  • U. S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). Consulted to OTA to evaluate habitability of the Superfund site at Love Canal, Niagara, New York, 1983;
  • California Governor’s Office of Appropriate Technology. Headed Safe Substitutes Project; consulted on reduction of hazardous waste generation and landfilling, 1981-82;
  • Testimony and Presentations
  • U. S. Congress. Testified for Superfund Clean-Up Technologies Demonstration Act before House Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research, and Environment; Committee on Science & Technology, 26 June 1985;
  • U. S. Congress. House Committee on Public Works & Transportation. Testified against siting a sanitary landfill above a sole-source drinking water aquifer in Rockaway Township, New Jersey, June 1985;
  • State of Maine Bureau of Health. Panelist on Long-term planning in groundwater protection,
    Conference on Groundwater Contamination and Public Health, Augusta; 11 April 1985;
  • NYS Standing Committee on Environmental Conservation. Testified on The importance of access to information on hazardous waste, 4 May 1984;
  • New Jersey Public Television. Invited as panelist for program titled: Municipal GarbageA Burning Issue, 27 February 1987;
  • Hunter College of CUNY. Chair/speaker: Risk assessment in the context of solid waste in the urban environment. Solid Waste and Resource Recovery Panel, Urban Impact Assessment Conference, 14 June 1985.

Peer Review

  • Goldisc Recordings Superfund Site (Suffolk County, New York). Peer reviewed US EPA preferred remedy selection, 21 September 1995;
  • Oneida/Herkimer Solid Waste Management Authority. Peer reviewed the “Health Risk Assessment for the Oneida County Energy Recovery Facility” and ashfill, for the Oneida/Herkimer Solid Waste Management Authority, May to October 1992;
  • NYC Department of Sanitation (New York City). Consulted to Staten Island Citizens’ Advisory Committee regarding New York City Department of Sanitation proposal to site a 3,000-ton- per-day municipal refuse incinerator and ashfill at Arthur Kill, Staten Island (two-year contract; 1987 to 1989);
  • US EPA. Invitee, Office of Groundwater Protection, Planning Workshop to Develop Recommendations for a Groundwater Monitoring Strategy, Alexandria, Virginia, 8-11 April 1985;
  • National Science Foundation and Academy of Natural Sciences. Represented U. S. Congress OTA at Workshop on Groundwater Resources and Contamination in the U. S., March 1983;
  • Lafayette Township, New Jersey. Evaluated environmental and health impact statement for proposed Sussex County Landfill, 1987;
  • Township of Millstone, New Jersey. Evaluated proposal to apply sludges to agricultural land destined for later residential use, March 1986;Borough of Ridgefield, New Jersey. Consulted on proposed Bergen County Resource Recovery Facility and associated ashfill, 1985 to 1986;
  • Logan Township, New Jersey. Consulted to Logan Township regarding (re)permitting of hazardous waste incinerator and ashfill, 1985;
  • Lakehurst Naval Air Engineering Center, New Jersey. Conducted a site visit to the Lakehurst Naval Air Engineering Center, and met with the Base Commander and others regarding groundwater contamination possibly arising from the Lakehurst facility, October 1985;

Litigation Support

  • Gloversville, New York Superfund site. Evaluated technical reports, medical records, and other documents to determine strength of evidence supporting causal relationship between plaintiff
  • health complaints vs. substances from the landfill, which had been used (most notably) by leather tanneries, 1993 to 1994;
  • Humacao, Puerto Rico Superfund site. Evaluated strength of evidence of alleged industrial chemical causation of mortality episode among cattle grazing on Superfund site abutting pharmaceutical facility, 1994;
  • Uniontown, Ohio Superfund site. Visited Industrial Excess Landfill; evaluated potential exposure of residents to toxic substances, and testified regarding strength of evidence linking exposure to injuries to plaintiffs’ health; Cleveland, Ohio; January 1991;
  • Lupus vs. gas station releases in Bergen County, New Jersey. Evaluated residential exposure to gasolene vapors as possible cause of health damage in an individual suffering from the autoimmune disease, systemic lupus erythematosis, 1987;
  • Future risks. Supported two cases in New Jersey by assessing risks to future health of individuals exposed to chemically contaminated domestic drinking water supplies, in one case near a scientific supply company in Somerset County; April 1986;
  • Multiple myeloma and bile duct cancer cluster. Assessed evidence of chemical causation of multiple myeloma and bile duct cancer in individuals served by a common source of contaminated domestic well water in neighboring dwellings, April 1986.

Occupational Settings and Industrial Facilities

  • Health Risk Assessment
  • West Haverstraw Development Corporation (Rockland County, New York). Prepared Phase
    1 Environmental Assessment to address issues, most notably including possible Director liability, 1996;
  • Goldisc Recordings Superfund Site (Suffolk County, New York). Peer reviewed US EPA preferred remedy selection, 21 September 1995;
  • Plattsburgh Air Force Base (New York). Assessed risks potentially posed to children ingesting remnant lead bullets surfacing in elementary school playgrounds built upon a former Army firing range at the Plattsburgh Air Force Base. February 1995;
  • Aztec Catalyst Co. (Elyria, Ohio). Prepared “Preliminary Assessment of Long-Term Risks To Public Health Posed By the 27-August 1993 Explosion At the Aztec Catalyst Company Plant, Elyria, Ohio.” June 1994;
  • Phelps Dodge Superfund site (Maspeth, Queens, NY). Assessed public health risks posed by site remediation vs. no action. March 1994;
  • Rupprecht & Patashnick (Albany, New York). Evaluated potential risks posed by fluorescein dye proposed for use as an optical filter in astronomy, for NASA contractor. January 1992;
  • Roswell Park Memorial Institute (Buffalo, New York). Prepared health risk assessment (HRA) Protocol for upgrade of incinerator serving 218-bed cancer research hospital, as required by new regulations applicable to medical waste incinerators; August 1991;
  • Buffalo General Hospital (New York). Prepared health risk assessment for upgrade of 20-ton- per-day incinerator serving 775-bed hospital, as required by new regulations applicable to medical waste incinerators; May 1991;
  • Huntington Memorial Hospital (Pasadena, California). Evaluated hospital waste management practices, and recommended adoption of specified state-of-the-art policies and procedures for managing infectious, potentially infectious, hazardous and non-hazardous waste streams; June 1990;
  • Bowery Bay Sewage Treatment Facility (Queens, New York). Assessed potential employee health risks from medical wastes in New York City sewers, March 1989;
  • Portland International Jetport (Maine). Assessed asbestos exposure, employee health risks, and need for program to monitor health of exposed employees, May 1984;
  • Air Products & Chemicals Helium Facility (Manalapan, New Jersey). Testified in favor of permit, which was granted, for facility handling liquid helium and liquid nitrogen, February 1987;
  • General Electric (GE) Plastics (Selkirk, New York). Evaluated plastics production processes and air pollution control, April 1992;
  • Polymer Resources, Ltd. (Farmington, Connecticut). Evaluated risks of plastics blending and extrusion, and air pollution control, April 1992;
  • Abandoned paper mills (Parsippany, New Jersey). Visited two abandoned mills to evaluate risks posed by electrical transformers, January 1983;
  • Maryland Resource Recovery Center (Hughsville) Assisted with permit acquisition for tire cracking and rubber recycling facility, 1986-87;
  • Love Canal Landfill (Niagara, New York). Consulted for U. S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, to evaluate the technical merit of the habitability decision made by the U. S. EPA, DHHS, and National Bureau of Standards; 1983;
  • Industrial Excess Landfill (Uniontown, Ohio). Evaluated Industrial Excess Landfill (IEL) Superfund site, including exposure of nearby residents to toxic substances, and testified regarding injuries to plaintiffs’ health; Cleveland, Ohio; January 1991;
  • Data Documents Printing Facility (Tiffin, Ohio). Conducted site visit for litigation relating to neurological disorders of employees exposed to printing-related solvents, April 1987;
  • Unitrode semiconductor factory (Portland, Maine). Identified occupational hazards and assessed need for employee health monitoring program, February 1984;
  • Newburgh Yarn Mills (New York). Evaluated long-term occupational exposure to industrial solvent as cause of aplastic anemia suffered by employee, 1986-87.

Peer Review

  • Croton Water Treatment Plant. Critically evaluated electromagnetic field health risk issues addressed in drafts of the Environmental Impact Statement for this ozonation facility proposed for the Jerome Park (Bronx) Reservoir, 1994-95;
  • U. S. EPA. Evaluated U. S. EPA draft Criteria document for revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NNAQS) for airborne particles, and prepared 169-page comment document for submittal to the regulatory docket, 17 July 1995;
  • U. S. OSHA. Evaluated U. S. OSHA notice of proposed rule making to control occupational exposure to indoor air pollutants based upon health risks; Washington, DC; 10 August 1994;
  • Rhode Island solid waste management. Toured Central Landfill and Methane Recovery Facility, Materials Recycling Facility, curbside recycling program, and D&M Disposal Inc. Transfer Station/Recycling Center; June 1989;
  • Fresh Kills Landfill (New York City). Evaluated proposal to site the planned Staten Island Resource Recovery Facility at Arthur Kill, April 1988;
  • Scott Paper Company (Skowhegan, Maine). Visited facility as Chair of Maine Scientific Advisory Panel, advising Bureau of Health on air toxics, May 1987;
  • Arlington/Alexandria Resource Recovery Incinerator (Virginia). Participated as invited guest to tour facility during construction, March 1987.

Testimony and Presentations

  • Industrial Excess Landfill (Uniontown, Ohio). Evaluated Industrial Excess Landfill Superfund site, including exposure of neighbors to toxic substances, and testified regarding alleged health effects; Cleveland, Ohio; January 1991;
  • Air Products & Chemicals Helium Facility (Manalapan, New Jersey). Testified in favor of permit for facility handling liquid helium and liquid nitrogen, February 1987;
  • Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary (Boston). Conducted Right-To-Know training program for 174-bed hospital, December 1984;
  • New England Baptist Hospital (Boston). Conducted Right-To-Know training program, December for 245-bed hospital,1984;
  • 57th Annual Maine State Safety Conference. Presented Training ProgramsChemicals and Hazardous Waste, September 1984.

Pesticides

Expert has consulted on numerous pesticide issues, such as carbamate pesticides, pesticides in apple orchards, and the permitting of a commercial greenhouse in New York State. He is widely recognized for his work on pesticides, including performing original research into the toxicology of the now-banned chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide DDT. In Maine Expert advised the State Department of Health Services (ME DHS) and Department of Environmental Protection (ME DEP) on pesticide registrations, and was appointed to the Ethylene Dibromide (EDB) Medical Advisory Committee of the State of Maine Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources. With physician Frank Lawrence, Expert also co-authored a book on EDB, participated in numerous media interviews and technical presentations, and participated as an invited panelist in the Maine Public Broadcasting Network documentary on Pesticide Spray Drift and Chemical Trespass. Expert has assessed risks to health potentially posed by numerous pesticides. He has served on the National Fire Protection Association Hazardous Chemicals Committee, establishing industry consensus standards for storage of pesticides. He also has evaluated pesticide exposure issues, for example, publishing on exposure and risk assessment, health monitoring, and risk management for herbicide applicators (peer-reviewed and published in the Transportation Research Record of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council).

PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS

President
Expert own Company
Schenectady, New York; 1986 to present

Established toxicology and risk assessment consulting firm to accommodate growing demand for consulting services previously offered in part-time private practice. Provides six major services in assessing human health and environmental risks: exposure analysis, hazard evaluation, environmental assessment, peer review, permit acquisition, and litigation support. Clients have included government agencies, municipalities, hospitals, corporations, and law firms from New York to California and from Maine to Maryland.

Senior Environmental Toxicologist
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) New York City, 1985-‘86

Developed objective, scientifically defensible positions on national and local public health and environmental health issues involving toxic substances. Represented NRDC positions in congressional and state legislative forums and regulatory agency workshops to advocate prudent policies protective of public and environmental health. Negotiated with industrial concerns and regulatory agencies to resolve conflicting interests and avoid litigation. Participated in short- and long-range planning of NRDC’s Toxic Substances Project activities and priorities, and supported fund-
raising program by writing proposals and meeting with foundation directors.

Director of Environmental Toxicology
EnviroLogic Data (ELD), Portland, Maine, 1984-‘85

Analyzed and formulated approaches to solving client problems involving toxic substance exposure and health risk assessment, medical malpractice and environmental analysis, employee health monitoring, and risk management. Interpreted technical data and applied findings to client problems. Acted as technical project director, providing guidance on content, style, and format of scientific documents; including proposals, consulting reports, and material safety data sheets (MSDSs). Exercised sound scientific judgment in preparation and review of documents to assure quality, accuracy, clarity, and consistency. Prepared and delivered oral and written reports to clients, as well as professional and lay audiences. Served pro bono on scientific advisory panels. Attended conferences to keep up with the state of the art in all areas of responsibility.

Consulting Director of Environmental Projects Council on Economic Priorities (CEP)
New York City, 1982-‘84

Directed project to investigate the operating practices of major hazardous waste management companies in the U. S. Represented CEP at press conferences and fund-raising meetings with private foundations. Advised CEP regarding prospective environmental projects; prepared proposals and wrote CEP Newsletter.

Love Canal/Superfund Consultant
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) Washington, DC, 1983

Evaluated EPA’s $5.4-million environmental monitoring program at Love Canal with respect to its design, implementation, results, statistical methods, and conclusions regarding levels of toxic substances in the evacuated area around Love Canal. Identified policy options for setting standards of habitability for communities contaminated with hazardous wastes. Applied habitability standards to Love Canal neighborhoods based upon EPA’s monitoring study and other inputs into EPA’s decision to regard Love Canal as habitable. Assessed the adequacy of remedial actions undertaken and planned at Love Canal, and recommended minimum remediation necessary prior to possible rehabitation. Interviewed key personnel influencing the habitability decision in the Department of Health and Human Services, the National Bureau of Standards, and EPA to assess the technical merit of the decision process.

Consulting Director of Environmental Services Henderson & Bodwell, Consulting Engineers Plainview, New York, 1982-‘83

Investigated hazardous waste/hazardous materials problems to define public agency and private corporate needs. Developed environmental science and engineering consulting services to enter this potential market. Determined required consulting capabilities. Contacted colleagues and developed new associations to assemble consulting teams with required expertise for each service package. Promoted corporate interests in solving hazardous waste/hazardous materials problems for potential clients; overcame problems, such as inexperience, typical of corporations offering new services. Managed and provided technical support for projects. Acted as corporate liaison with public agencies and clients.

Appointed by California Governor’s Office as Safe Substitutes Consultant Governor’s Office of Appropriate Technology
Sacramento, California, 1981-‘82

Coordinated California’s Safe Substitutes Project, and provided technical support for Governor’s Executive Order phasing out six classes of hazardous waste from landfills. Technical support consisted principally of reviewing the toxicology of heavy metals, PCBs, halogenated organics, and cyanides, as well as the exposure risks arising from landfilling these classes of wastes. Identified over one hundred priority chemicals in California commerce that might be candidates for substitution by safer substances in products whose use posed potential exposure and health risks to residents of California. Explored possible end-product substitution and process modification to reduce exposure risks. Contacted numerous industry, state, federal, foreign national, and international organizations to identify policy options to promote safe substitutes in California.

Senior Environmental Ecologist/Toxicologist EnviroControl of Dynamac Corporation Rockville, Maryland, 1980-‘81

Analyzed toxicological literature involving the effects of hazardous substances on laboratory animals and ecosystems. Principally, the substances included quinone and hydroquinone, for preparation of a Test Rule Support Document under the Toxic Substances Control Act; and chromium and lead, for preparation of drinking water documents under the Safe Drinking Water Act. Contributed appropriate sections of these documents, and participated in the quality control of other sections.

Teacher:
Sage College; Albany, New York; 2006-‘07 Empire State College of SUNY, 1977-‘80
Board of Education of New York City, 1979-‘80 SUNY, Stony Brook, 1973-‘80
York College of CUNY, 1973

Taught physiology, biology, ecology, environmental sciences. Instituted high school science research program for students, producing four Westinghouse Science Fair project entries and seven prizes, including an Air Force award and a National Westinghouse Finalist award.

POLICY AND ADVISORY ROLES

  • Appointed as Consultant to U. S. EPA Science Advisory Board, 2002;
  • Appointed to Editorial Board, Environmental Engineering and Policy, International Journal for Environmental Engineers, Scientists and Policy Makers; Heidelberg, Germany; Springer- Verlag, October 1998 to 2001;
  • Appointed as member of the National Certification Task Force, 1994;
  • Appointed Chairperson, Certification Review Board, Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals (ABCEP), April 1993 to 2013;
  • Appointed Chairperson of Standing Committee on Publications of the National Association of Environmental Professionals (NAEP), 1992 to 1993;
  • Appointed Member of the Environment Committee of the Business Council of New York State, April 1992;
  • Appointed Secretary of the National Fire Protection Association International (NFPA) Committee on Classification and Properties of Hazardous Chemical Data; 4 October 1991;
  • Appointed by the American Institute of Architects to the AIA Committee to Revise the 1987 “Guidelines for Construction and Equipment of Hospital and Medical Facilities;” July 1991;
  • Appointed to Certification Review Board, National Association of Environmental Professionals (NAEP), October 1986;
  • Selected as peer reviewer of NESCAUM Regional Health Assessment Document for Trichloroethylene,
    Boston, Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM), October 1986;
  • Invited participant, Conference on Rethinking Tort and Environmental Liability Laws: Needs and Objectives of the Late 20th Century and Beyond, Texas, University of Houston Law Center, 17-18 April 1986;
  • Appointed to Board of Directors, Orange Environment, Inc. (a not-for-profit corporation dedicated to protection of public and environmental health in Orange County, NY), 1985 to 1994;
  • Appointed to New York State Citizens’ Task Force on Municipal Refuse Incineration (an advisory group dedicated to promoting protective municipal refuse incinerator emission standards and other regulations), 1985 to 1986;
  • Invited participant, Symposium on Toxic Substances and Public Health, sponsored by E. I. du Pont de Nemours, Wilmington, DE, 5-7 November 1985;
  • Appointed to seventh one-year term as Chairperson, Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP), advising the Bureau of Health, State of Maine, on risk assessment of air toxics, from July 1984;
  • Invited participant, Ocean Incineration Workshop; Washington, DC; Keystone Center, 27-28 June 1985;
  • Invited participant, Conference on Waste Reduction, sponsored by the League of Women Voters of Massachusetts. Woods Hole, MA; 19-21 June 1985;
  • Appointed to Scientific Review Group (SRG) advising the New York State Departments of Health and of Environmental Conservation (Division of Water Quality Standards), Albany, from June 1985;
  • Invited participant, U.S. EPA Groundwater Protection Office, Planning Workshop to Develop Recommendations for a Groundwater Monitoring Strategy, Alexandria, Virginia 8-11 April 1985;
  • Invited as neutral technical panelist, New York Academy of Sciences, Science and Society Program,
    Resource Recovery Conflict Resolution Panel, 18 December 1984;
  • Selected as expert witness, Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, Adjudicatory Hearings on Mid-Connecticut Resource Recovery Facility, Hartford, October/November 1984;
  • Appointed to Ethylene Dibromide (EDB) Medical Advisory Committee, State of Maine Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources, Augusta, Maine, 1984;
  • Selected as hazardous substances expert for Media Resources Service, Scientists’ Institute for Public Information (SIPI), 1984;
  • Invited as member of Advisory Panel for Council on Economic Priorities, project on Hazardous Waste Management: Reducing the Risk, 1984-86;
  • Invited as member of Advisory Panel for Council on Economic Priorities, project on Quality of Life in American Neighborhoods: Levels of Affluence, Toxic Waste, and Cancer Mortality in Residential Zip Code Areas, 1984-86;
  • Represented Congressional Office of Technology Assessment at Work-shop on Groundwater Resources and Contamination in the U. S. sponsored by National Science Foundation and Academy of Natural Sciences, Washington, DC, 14-15 March 1983;
  • Appointed to Environmental Committee of Long Island Association of Commerce and Industry, New York, 1983-84;
  • Appointed as Environmental Policy Advisor for California State Senate election campaign, Sacramento, 1982
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