Worked Expert Witness Testimony Service

Worked expert witnesses at Consolidated Consultants are available by providing independent opinion as a consultant or as a declared expert by verbal or written report in litigation matters. An attorney typically retains an expert witness to give testimony at deposition or trial in the area of worked that is relevant to the case. The following list contains testifying professional experts with special knowledge or proficiency in worked.

To see the qualifications of the potential candidate, choose the “View Expert” button. To setup a free conference call screening with an expert witness from the list, simply choose the “Request This Expert” button located in the experts information page.

1. Electronic Medical Records Patient Information Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Electronic Medical Records, Digital Patient Information, EMR, HER, Medical Records, Third Party Systems, Longitudinal Record, Epic, MyChart, Clin Doc, Orders, Hospital Billing, Professional Billing, Interfaces, Cerner

2. Aviation Aircraft Safety FAA Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Aviation Safety, Aircraft Safety, Cabin Safety, Flight Attendant, Cabin Crew, Flight Attendant Procedures, Pmergency Procedures, Aircraft Evacuation, In-flight Medical Emergency, In-flight Policy and Procedures, FAA, FAA Regulation, Faa Regulations, FAR, Federal Aviation Regulations, Disruptive Passenger, Passenger Restraint, Recurrent Training, Cbt, Emergency Manual, In-flight Fires, Airline Regulation, Airline Rules, Airline Contract of Carriage

3. Behavioral Mental Health Management Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Inpatient Psychiatric Care, Group Homes, Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, Outpatient Treatment, Seclusion, Restraint, Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Verbal Abuse, Forms of Substandard Treatment, Wrongful Death, Emergency Services, Managed Care, HMO’s, Policies and Procedures, Accreditation, Licensure Standards, Standards of Care, Finances, Fiscal Management, Suicide, Vocational Services, Day Programs, Social Clubs, Community Mental Health

5. Electrical Design Engineer Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Electrical Engineer, Engineer Designer, Manager, Electrical Design, Electrical Development, National Electric Code, Commercial Electrical Devices, Underwriters Laboratories, Canadian Standards Organization, ATEX, Electrical Fire Cause and Origin, Electrical Equiment Failures, Electrical Damage Evaluation, Cost Evaluation

6. Medical Device Electronics Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

510(k), Algorithm, Analog Electronics, Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering (BSEE), Battery Systems, Breath detection algorithm, CAPA, Chief Engineer, Claim Chart, Configuration Management II (CMII) Certification, Consent Decree, Control Systems, CPAPs, Deposition, Design Audits, Design Control, Design History File (DHF) Audits, DHF Remediation, Efficacy, Electro-mechanical device , Electro-mechanical systems in Medical Devices, Electronic Cigarette, Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS), Electronics Design, Engineering Management, Expert Report, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) (DFMEA), FDA, FDA, FDA Remediation Programs, Heated Humidifier, Home Medical Equipment (HME), Homefill Oxygen Compressors, Humidifier, IEC 60601, IEC 60812, Infusion Pump, Intellectual Property (IP), Invalidity, Investigations, In-Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Device, IP Strategy/Licensing, ISO13485, ISO14971, ISO62366, Lead System Designer, MBA, Medical Device Remediation, Medical Devices, Medication Delivery, Medication Delivery and Respiratory Products, Micro-surgical implants and tools, Offshoring, Operations, Orthopedic Implants, Outsourcing, Oxygen Concentrators, Product Development, Product Liability, Product Risk Assessments, Respiratory, Reverse Engineering, Risk Management, Risk Management / FMEA, Safety, Single Board Computer (SBC), Six Sigma Black Belt, Six Sigma Black-Belt, Strategy, Syringe Pump, System Architect, System Architecture Specification, Technical Lead, Technology licensing, Technology Pipeline, Technology Roadmap Development, Testified, VOC, Customer Needs

7. Forensic Criminal Civil and Art Investigation Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Examination & Comparison in Footwear and Tire Tread, Forensic Glass Examination Gunshot Residue Analysis Ballistics Examination Tool Mark Examination, Fingerprint Examination and Comparison Fingerprint Development Hair, Fiber and Textile Analysis Photography-Film and Digital,Crime Scene Examination and Reconstruction, Forensic Paint Analysis,Forensic Hair, Fiber and Textile Analysis & Comparison, Gemstone Identification, Post Blast Management,Forensic Paint and Pigment Identification Light Microscopy, Electron Microscopy Firearms Training: Hand Guns, Rifles, Shot Guns

8. Pet Trainer Behaviorist Consultant Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Pet Trainer, Behaviorist, Behavioral Consulting, Professional Apprentice Training, Pet Evaluation, Pet Training, Competition Training, Protection Training, Scent Detection Training, Behavior Modification, Aggression Reduction, Anxiety Reduction, Hyperactivity Reduction, Electronic Collar Training, Obedience, Problem Solving, Assistance Dog Training Puppy Testing, CGC Testing, Media Interviews

10. Law Enforcement Domestic Violence Sexual Assault Child Abuse Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Law Enforcement, Child Abuse, Physical Sexual Abuse, Neglect, Endangerment, Domestic Violence, Stalking, Restraining Orders, Elder Abuse, Criminal Threats, Background Investigations, Internal Affairs Investigations, Homeland Security, School Place Violence, Workplace Violence, Police Procedures, Criminal Justice, Narcotics, Criminology, Procedures Of Patrol, Threat Assesment, Police Expert, Child Protective Services, Detective, Detective Sergant, DCFS, Department Of Children And Family Services, Special Victims Unit, SVU, Sexual Violence, Investigations, Administrative Investigations, Sheriff’s Department, Police Officer, Policy Development,

13. Advanced Practice Nurse Practitioner Emergency Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Hospitalist , Advanced Practice Registered Nurse, Nursing, Nurse Practitioner, Family Nurse Practitioner, Gerentology, Psychiatric Mental Health, Board Certified Emergency Nurse, Pediatric Advanced Life Support, Basic Life Support, Advanced Trauma

14. Sports Athletic Development Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Fitness and Exercise Accidents, Sports Injury Prevention, Industrial Injury Prevention, Personal Trainer Standard of Care, Fitness and Expercise Equipment, Free Weight Equipment, Sport Equipment Design, Equipment Use, Flooring, Personal Trainers, Equipment, Warnings, Facility Signage, Plate Load Equipment, Fitness Equipment Instruction, Education, Health Club Exercise Injuries, Exercise Equipment Safety

15. Mechanical Engineer Product Defects Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Mechanical Engineering, Product Defects, Microtechnology,Sensors, Microfluids, MEMS, Product Design, Gas Sensors, Industrial Accidents, Failure Analysis, Laboratory Accidents, Injection Molding, Fluid Dynamics

16. Retail Store Design Construction Merchandising Display Manufacturing Safety Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Retail Construction Design, Retail Construction Review, Vendor Display, Buyers Merchandisers Determine Department Size, Types Displays Required, Graphics, Store Layout, Controlling Product Inventory Capacities On Display, Shopping Center Mass Retail Big Box Retailers, Store Design Display, Designing Product Displays, Quality Safety Displays, Merchandising

17. Finance Investment Vacation Ownership Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Finance, Investment, Investing, Merger, Acquisitions, Deal Structuring, Asset Management, Capital Formation, Restructuring, Operations, Hospitality Finance, Shared Ownership Industries, Private Equity Investing, Non-Real Estate Asset Classes, Hospitality, Vacation Ownership, Hotels, Timeshare

18. Automotive Mechanic Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Automotive, Automotive Design, General Automotive, Custom Car, Car Restoration, Automotive Patent Infringement, Automotive Product Liability, Automotive Mechanical Defect, Automotive Modification

19. Actuary Pension Plan Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Actuary, Pension Plans, Retirement Plans, Marital Dissolution, Estate Tax, Life Estate, Remainder Trust Calculations, Personal Injury, Loss of Income, Disability, Death, Insurance, Annuity Contracts, Audits, Class Action Cases, Research, Retirement Plans, Auditor Standards, Family Law, Marital Dissolution Calculations, QDRO, Estate Planning, Taxation

20. Applied Materials Analysis Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Applied Materials Analysis, Power Generation, Refining, Chemical Processing, Aerospace Industries, Gas Turbine Failures, Engines, Fracture and Failure Mechanisms, Ferrous Metallurgy, High-Alloy Metals, Plant Equipment, Plant Operations, Corrosion Analysis, Aqueos High Temperature, Process Environments, Inspection Techniques, Plant Reliability, ASME Code, ASTM, API, AMS, ANSI, Federal Specfications, Federal Standards

21. Turbo Machinery Corporate Management Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Turbo Machinery Engineer, Corporate Management, Field Operations, Large Oil and Gas Industrial Process Machinery, Petrochemicals, Energy Industries, Global Industrial Standards, Global Machinery Networks

22. Veterinarian Animal Shelter Abuse Health Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Forensic Veterinarian, Animal Shelter, Dog/Cock Fighting, Animal Abuse, Cruelty, Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Animal Sheltering Agencies, Animal Rescue Operations, Public Health, Public Safety, Dangerous Dog Cases, High Volume Spay/Neuter Clinics, Pet Store Operations, Pet Store Compliance

23. Thermal Power Construction Project Management Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Thermal Power Generation, Construction Supervison, Project Management, Engineering Design, Project Feasibility, Steam, Gas Turbines, Cycle Configuration, Economic Analysis, Specification, Project Development, Coal, Gas Fired, CCGT Plant Performance, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Combustion Engineering

24. Industrial Mechanical Construction Engineer Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Heavy Industrial Mechanical Construction Engineering, Automobile Plants, Power Plants, ASME Code Fabrication, Pressure Levels, Roads, Highways, Buildings, Infrastructure, Petrochemical, Oil, Gas, Pipelines, Facilities

25. Plant Telecommunications Security Systems Network Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Permanent Plant Telecomunnications, Control Sytems Automation, Electronic Security Systems, Infrastructure Networks, DCS, SIS, F&G, Automated Valves, Fiber Optic, WAN/LAN, Wireless LAN’s, IP, Mass Modification Systems, PAGA, Complex CCTV Systems, Supervisory Control Data Acquisition, SCADA, VoIP PBX, Network

29. Surgical Physician Assistant Allergy Allergies Otolaryngology Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Surgical, Surgical PA, Surgical Physician Assistant, Surgical PA, PA ENT PA, Ear Nose Throat PA, Ear Nose Throat Physician Assistant, Ear Nose & Throat PA, Ear Nose & Throat Physician Assistant, Inpatient Surgery, Pre op, Post op, Pre op, Post op, Surgical Consults, Allergy, Allergies, Otolaryngology, Cosmetic Surgery, Plastic Surgery, General Surgery PA, General Surgery Physicians Assistant, Ophthalmology, Optometry,

30. Emergency Department Nurse Practitioner Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Nurse Practitioner, NP, Nurse Practitioner Emergency Department, Emergency Department, Trauma, RN, Nurse, Registered Nurse, Critical Care, Triage, EKG Instructor, FNP, Family Nurse Practitioner, Trauma Nurse, Trauma RN, Emergency

31. Radiologic Technician MRI CT Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Radiology, Radiographic, Anatomy, Pathology, Radiologic Technician, Tech, Technologist, Mammography, Mammorgram, Ultrasonography, Ultrasound, Fluoroscopy, Diagnostic, Sonography, Sonogram, Supervisor, Management, medical imaging, interventional procedures, radiation therapy

32. Electrical Engineer Motors Variable Speed Drives VFD Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Motors, Variable Speed Drives VFD, Adjustable Speed Drives Variable Frequency Drives ASD VFD, Power Quality PQ, Energy, Energy Management, Renewable Energy, Distributed Generation DG, Electrical Reliability, Electrical Efficiency, Energy Storage, Energy Efficiency, Fuel Cells, Fuel Cell Technology, Fans, Pumps, Compressors, Steam Systems, Pump Systems, Industrial Systems Energy Optimization, Photovoltaics, PV, Wind Power, Solar Thermal, Combined Heat Power CHP, Desiccant Chiller, Power Controllers, Wind Farms, Wind Generation, Wind Energy, DC Transmission, Renewable Energy Convertors, Micro Hydro, Hydro, Combined Heat Power CHP, District Heating, District Cooling, Transformer, Protection Systems, Fuse Failure, Breaker Trips, Cable, Insulation, Overheating, Ventilation, Surge Arresters, Resonance, Tortional Resonance, Reed Frequencies, Bearings, Shaft Failure, Motor Shaft Misalignment, Coupling Failure, Motor Foundations, Vibration, Motor Maintenance, ASD VFD Maintenance, Motor Maintenance, Electrical System Maintenance, Electrical Specification, Equipment Specification, System Specification, Cable, Long Lead Effect, Metal Oxide Varistors MOV, Input Line Reactors, Power Factor Correction, Capacitors, Link Capacitors, Power Factor Correction Capacitors, Harmonics, Harmonic Mitigation, Arc Flash

33. Materials Grinding Wheel Fatigue Overload Failure Engineer Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Materials Engineering, failure analysis, materials failure, fatigue failure, overload failure, stress fatigue, cavitation fatigue, corrosion fatigue, subsurface origin, surface origin, compressional forces, fracture fatigue, brittle ductile failure, failure analysis high strength steels, grinding wheel, Civil Engineering

34. Insurance Adjuster Coverage Bad Faith Appraisal Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Property Claims, Casualty Claims, Commercial and Personal Lines Coverages, Custom Claims Handling Procedures, Practice Claims Handling Procedures, Claims, Claim, Insurance, Expert, Bad Faith, Coverage, Property, Casualty, Investigation, Adjuster, Appraiser, General Liability, Auto, SIU, Special Investigation Unit, Inland Marine, Homeowner, Commercial, Malpractice, Mediation

35. Mechanical Engineer & Design Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Accident Investigation, Accident Prevention, Accident Reconstruction, Accident Safety, Accidents, Aerial lifts, Animations, Automated loaders,Boom Lifts, Computer Graphics, Cranes, DOT Compliance, Engineering Design, Exercise Equipment, Failure Analysis, Fork Trucks, Forklifts, Front Loaders, Garbage trucks, Golf Products, Heavy Equipment, Hoists, Human Factors, Hydraulically operated equipment, Hydraulics Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Industrial equipment, Industrial Safety, Infringement, Intellectual Property, Invalidity, Liftgates, Machinery, Machinery, Manlifts, Material handling, Mechanical Engineering, Mobile equipment, Models, Patent Law, Patents, infringement, Invalidity, Personal Injury, Product Engineering, Product Liability, Rear loaders, Rigging, Rolloffs, Safety, Scaffolds, Scissor Lifts, Side loaders, Suspension systems, Threadmills, Trailers, Trailers, Trucks, Trucks, Utility Vehicles

36. Electrical Engineer & System Architecture Technology Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Electrical Engineering, Forensic Investigative Electrical Engineering, Patent Infringement Analysis, Patent Claim mapping, Patent Claim Analysis, Patent Claim Mapping, Intellectual Property, Product Teardowns, Reverse Engineering, Failure Analysis, Fire Cause, Fire Origin, Electronic Electrical Hardware Design, Telecommunication Networks, Data Networks, EMC Design, EMC Test, ESD Electrostatic Discharge, FMEA Failure Mode Effect Analysis, Lightning Protection, Surge Protection, Surge Analysis, Thermal Analysis Evaluation, Thermal Analysis Testing, Electronic Design, Accidents, Cost Reduction Analysis, Defective Products, Design Engineering Hardware Software, Design Reviews, Dispute Resolution, Electrical Electronic Systems Products, Fire Cause Origin, Grounding, Lightning Damage Assessment, Nondestructive Testing, Personal Injury, Product Compliance Safety, Product Liability, Property Claim Services, Safety Codes Compliance, Environmental Testing, HALT Testing, automatic teller machine

37. Fire Suppression Fire Investigation Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

fire suppression, fire investigation, fire marshall, private investigator, certified fire investigator, certified hazardous material technician, fire fighting, arson, cause origin, arson detection, fire detection, explosion, explosion investigation,

38. Food Supply Chain Management Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

food industry, supply chain management, consumer products distribution, cost analysis, manufacturing, distribution, food, beverage, wholesale, fraudulent transfers, bankrupt, sales commisions, pricing research, bottled water, mineral water, tea, soft drink, frozen potato processor, cash flow, strategic operations, customers, sales, data, inventory reduction program, production equipment capacity, safety stock levels, stock keeping unit, forecast accuracy systems, consultation, inbound logistics savings, sku rationalization, private fleet operations assessment, home grocery delivery service, Aluminum cans, Steel cans, Glass bottles, Metallic foil containers, Labels, Packaging materials, confections, logistics

39. Metallurgical Mechanical Engineer Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Metallurgy, Failure Analysis, Mechanical, Materials, Behavior, Laboratory Testing, Contamination Analysis, Equipment Function, Implant Failures, Product Failures, Auotmotive Component Failures, Patent Infringement Matters

40. Trucking Solid Waste Operations Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Trucking, Solid Waste, Controlled Large Fleets, Road Tractor Trailers, Garbage Operation Fleets, Garbage, Labor Contracts, Automotive Manager, Freight Lines, Terminal Shops, Hydraulics, Landfill, Accident, Investigations, Automotive Accidents, Workers Compensation Insurance,

41. Registered Radiologic CT MRI Technologist Cardiovascular Endovascular Interventional Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologist, Radiography, Cardiovascular Interventional Technology, Interventional radiology Cardiology,Registered Radiologic CT MRI Technician, Certified MRI Technologist, X Ray, CAT Scan, Nuclear Medicine, Philips Fuji Kodak Packs, Daily QA QC Testing, CT Philips Brilliance, MRI Scanners, Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging

42. Phlebotomy Blood Draw Laboratory Specialist Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Phlebotomy, Laboratory Rules, Laboratory Safety, Laboratory Supplies, Phlebotomy Safety, Phlebotomy Education, Blood Safety, Laboratory Education, Specimen Processing, Laboratory Specimen Contamination, Blood Contamination, Phlebotomy Safety, Phlebotomy Rules, Phlebotomy Patient Care, Phlebotomy Duties, Laboratory Duties, Laboratory Testing, Laboratory Paperwork, Laboratory Specimen Transporting, Needle Safety, Accidental Needle Sticks, Blood Exposure, Laboratory Service, Phlebotomy Laboratory Technology,Phlebotomy Medical Technology, Blood Drawl Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Clinical Laboratory Services, Blood Draw,

43. Emergency Room Supervisor Nurse Critical Care Transport Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Emergency Room, Supervision, Clinical Education, Critical Care Transport, Mobile Intensive Care Nurse Liaison for Electronic Medical Records Design,Triage, Administrative Leader, Advanced Life Support, Critical Nursing, EMS Transport, CCT Nurse, Physician, Medical Director, Clinical Laboratory,

45. Entomology Pest Management Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Pest Management, Entomology, Pesticides, Termite Infestations,Chemical Spills, Fire Ant Bites, Spider Bites, Wood Beetles

48. Investigations Supervisor Management Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Investigations, Supervision, Management, Report Review, Account Management, Background Searches, Company Operations, Private Investigators, Investigators, Pre Trial Investigation, Trial Preparation, Background Check, Surveillance, Asset Searches, Financial Backgrounds, Statements & Interviews, Scene Investigations, Locates, Video & Photo Documentation, Locates, Public Record Retrieval, Subrosa, Court Testimony, Litigation Support, Auto Accident Investigation, Accident Investigations, Spanish Speaking Investigators, Medical Malpractice Investigations, Business Corporate Law Investigations, Employment Law Investigations, Real Estate Law Investigations, Family Law Investigations, Personal Injury Investigations, Intellectual Property Investigations, Business Litigation Investigations, Elder Abuse Investigation, Insurance Investigations, Health Care Law Investigations, Corporate Fraud Investigations, Product Liability Investigations, Premise Liability Investigations, Workers Compensation Investigations, Computer & Cellphone Forensics, Social Media Investigations, Examination Under Oath EUO, Attorney Investigators, Attorney Investigations, Insurance Claims, Personal Injury, Vandalism, SIU, FAA, Airplane, Helicopter Pilot, Helicopter Instructor, Fire, Arson, Electrical, Aerodynamics, Aircraft Performance, Instrument Flying,

49. Medical Device Biomedical Engineer Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Cardiac Device, Cardiac Pacemakers, Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator, Cardiac Imaging, Cardiac Stents, Atrial Fibrillation, Cardiovascular Devices, Medical Device R&D Engineer, Biomedical Engineering, Cardiovascular Signal Analysis, Medical Device Design, Interventional Cardiovascular Devices, Cardiac Pacing Devices, Cardiac Stents, Artificial Organ Design, Neuro Modulation, Biocompatibility Studies, FDA Device Controls & Regulatory Issues, CNS Epilepsy, Neurology, Cardiology, Cardiac Echo Imaging, Nuclear Medicine, MRI, CT Imaging, Cardiac Echocardiography, Patent Prosecution, Echocardiography, Bio Synch Nautilus Medical Device Heart Rate Monitor, Design Electronic Circuit, Systems Control, Cardiac Resynchronization Management Therapy Devices, Artificial Organ Design, Cardiac Echocardiography, Medical Device Project Management, Neurological Therapy Devices, Cardiac Electrophysiology, FDA Device Design Controls, Patent Prosecution, Cardiac Implantable Devices, Implantable Cardiac Pacing, Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator Devices,Cardiac Resynchronization Devices Including Both Pacemaker ICD Devices From Medtronic & Boston Scientific Corporation, Device Failure Cases Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators Medical Devices,Full Body Imaging Technology, Ventilator, Respitory Monitoring Equipment, Depuy,

50. Trucking and Distribution Expert Witness

Provides Opinion & Testimony In:

Motor Carrier Industry Practices, Large Truck Involved Accidents, Regulatory Compliance, Trucking and Distrbution, Physical Distribution Management, Shipping Dock Operations, Powered Industrial Trucks Inclusive, Dry Vans, High Cube Trailers, Container, Chassis Combination Trailers, Refrigerated Trailers, Tanker Trailers, Petrochemical, Food Grade, Dump Trucks, Bottom Dump, End Dump Trailers, Straight Trucks, Box, Flat, Tank, Pup Trailers, Flatbed, Step Deck, Double Trailers, Tow Truck Operations, Transportation Economics, Asset Management, Independent Contractor Owner Operator, Broker Operations, Motor Carrier, Driver Standards of Safety and Care, Warehousing, Distribution Management, Hazardous Materials Transportation, Freight Loss, Damage Prevention,